History of the Hawaiian Islands|
Date: Sat, 9 Sep 1995 04:31:58 -1000
From: Hawaii Nation Info <email@example.com>
Subject: Requested information on 6
Proclamation of the Restoration of the Independence of the Sovereign Nation State of
January 16, 1994
`Iolani Palace, Honolulu, O`ahu, Hawai`i
[Official English Version]
Today, We, the Kanaka Maoli, proclaim our Right of self-determination as a
People in accordance with Article 1 (2) of the United Nations Charter, and join
the World Community of States as an Independent and Sovereign Nation. We
hereby reestablish our Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i, that was
illegally taken from the Kanaka Maoli on January 17, 1893.
By virtue of our Right to self-determination, the Kanaka Maoli claim this
Right to freely determine our political status and freely pursue our economic,
social and cultural development in accordance with common Article 1 of the
International Covenant on Civil, and Political Rights and the International
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, claim our Right for our own ends, to freely control and
dispose of our natural wealth and resources, including our lands and our
waters, without prejudice to any obligations arising out of international
economic cooperation, based upon the principle of mutual benefit and
We, the Kanaka Maoli, claim all our Land, Natural Wealth, Resources, Minerals,
and Waters, which have always resided and will always reside within the hands
of the Kanaka Maoli, to be ours forever, originally under communal land tenure.
Ka Pae `Aina O Hawai`i (the Hawaiian Archipelago) comprises 132 islands, reefs
and shoals, stretching 1,523 miles (2,451 kilometers) southeast to northwest
across the Tropic of Cancer between 154 40' to 178 25' W longitude and 18 54'
to 28 15' N latitude, consisting approximately of a total land area of 6,425
square miles (16,642 square kilometers), including 1 percent of less than six
square miles of land area made up of islands off the shores of the main islands
and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, from Kure Atoll in the North to Nihoa in
the South, also Palmyra Island, Midway and Wake Islands, and all Lands that
have resided with the Kanaka Maoli since time immemorial. The Hawaiian Islands
form an Archipelago, which extends over a vast area of the Pacific Ocean,
possessing a 12 mile Territorial Sea, and the 200 mile Exclusive Economic Zone,
in accordance with generally recognized Standards of International Law.
In the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i lives the Kanaka Maoli. We
have resided here forever, from time immemorial. We have displaced no other
people. We, the Kanaka Maoli, are the original inhabitants and occupants of
these Islands. We have always been in possession of our Land and are entitled
to re-establish our Independent and Sovereign Nation.
The current citizens of the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i
consist of all those who are descendants of the Kanaka Maoli prior to the
arrival of the first westerners in 1778, and those persons, and their
descendants who have lived in Hawai`i prior to the illegal overthrow, invasion
and occupation of January 17, 1893, in the area which now constitutes the
Archipelago of the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i.
The Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i will establish procedures for
according citizenship by means of naturalization to all people who are habitual
residents of Hawai`i as of today's date.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, fully support and subscribe to all of the Rights of the
1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights for all of the people living in our
Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i, and hereby adopt these protocols
on behalf of the citizens of the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i.
The Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i adheres to the generally
recognized principles of International Law, including the terms of the United
Nations Charter. We will apply for membership in the United Nations
Organization. We will conclude other international treaties and agreements at
the appropriate time. In the meantime, we call upon the foreign military
occupation forces in the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i to
withdraw from our Sovereign Territory immediately.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have maintained our close relationship to the `aina
(land) and its natural surroundings, through practices spiritual and wholistic
in nature and in harmony with natural law. The `aina is sacred to us. It
Prior to the first European invasion of 1778, Hawai`i was known to have an
unique culture and system of government. Through customs and traditional
practices, the Kupuna (Elders), were highly regarded and respected as the
Keepers of Wisdom and Knowledge, in a highly organized self-sufficient and
sustainable social system, based on a communal land tenure system. The Kupuna
were always consulted to maintain order and ho`oponopono.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, today embody within our governmental structure
traditional customs and culture of the `Aha Kuka O Na Kupuna (Council of
Elders), based on mutual respect, traditional practice, and family order. Their
consultation on many decisions is highly regarded as the basis of all authority
and principle, as handed down through generations of teachings. The Kanaka
Maoli's natural ability and practice of Natural Law, commonly known and
exercised, due to our deep spiritual connection to nature, and by the use,
application and practice of the Laws of Nature, then as now. We, the Kanaka
Maoli, believe that all things have life, be they animate or inanimate, as
everything has been derived and created from one Source, the Creator.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, respectfully continue to seek the guidance and
consultation of our Kupuna, be it Spiritually, Mentally, Physically, Socially
or Politically, in consultation and decisions that affect our lives, to restore
and protect the customs and teachings of our culture, language and knowledge
from being exploited, desecrated and driven to eventual extinction. For all
these reasons, the Kupuna Council will serve as the Provisional Government of
the Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i, to provide measures of
development, until such time when the Kanaka Maoli will convene a
Despite the historical injustices and abuse that have documented a dark
chapter in the lives of the Kanaka Maoli, so unimaginable to the conscience of
humanity and to all human life as a whole, we have come to realize that in the
course of these modern times, we could never depart or separate our undying
love, our connection, or our sacred ties from the Spirit of this Land, Aloha
`Aina, which is the heart and life of all living things, as taught and handed
down from the ancient wise ones (Kupuna). We must protect our sacred `aina from
such invasion and exploitation, to liberate it from alien destructive forces,
and preserve and protect our Cultural Heritage for future generations, from the
devastation of extinction.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have continued to exercise, practice and occupy our
lands, despite the continued subjection, domination and exploitation by the
forces of the occupying foreign powers, denying us our inalienable rights to
self-determination, Independence and Sovereignty. Thus have well recognized
principles of International Law been violated. Thus were our national identity,
land, resources, Right to Sovereignty over our Territory violated, and a
peaceful people overthrown by the invasion of foreign powers, who continue to
occupy, exploit and destroy our way of life.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have united at this very historic and symbolic place,
the `Iolani Palace, wherein we remember the last days and tragic moments in our
history, that have affected the safety and well-being of our people, to which
our beloved Kupuna and Queen Liliuokalani and her commitment to restore the
rights of our people, have been stolen. Her dedicated endurance against foreign
powers who committed such acts of aggression and force, threats of fear and
imprisonment, knowingly in violation of numerous treaties, agreements and
principles of international customs and law, has never faltered, for the Love
of her people, and those who stood on truth and justice, and shall prevail
here, now and forever.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, here today in flesh and in Spirit, share that same
commitment. It is the duty and obligation of every Kanaka Maoli, young and old,
to stand ready to restore and defend our national rights, territorial integrity
and independence, without prejudice, and reject and resist unlawful acts,
injustice and complicity, violence and terrorism, against our political
independence, and do summarily reject such use of violence and force against
the territorial integrity of other peaceful states.
If not for those who have continued the struggle for peace, justice and
honor, our beloved who have passed in this life and continue standing in spirit
beside us here today.
If not for those who have sacrificed their families and lives, who have
desired to go to prison rather than be forced to adhere to unjust principles
and acts, and who have gone through the crossroads of temptation.
If not for those of us who have awaited this day, who have considered the
facts and evidence of such acts of oppression, subjugation and fear, and the
loss of their honor, dignity, pride and esteem.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have historically been the victims of crimes against
humanity and genocide, as defined by the Nuremberg Charter and Genocide
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have the duty to heal our wounds and restore our
integrity, for many have given their lives for us to be here today, that all
Kanaka Maoli can once again determine to protect the future destiny of our
children, our children's children and their heritage.
The Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i proclaims its commitment to
the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter. The Kanaka Maoli
have long been recognized as a peaceful, loving Nation, choosing to live in
peaceful co-existence with other peaceful Nation States, based on liberty,
equality, truth and justice, and for the respect of our undying Spirit of Aloha
as well as for the Inalienable Rights of Humanity.
We, the Kanaka Maoli, proclaim that despite continued interference of our
rights to self-determination, Rights of Sovereignty and Right of Independence
by the foreign occupying powers, we stand this day, in all honor, dignity and
respect for this Sacred Land, to restore our Independent and Sovereign Nation
We, the Kanaka Maoli, pledge that our commitment will continue, until the
illegal occupation ends, the revival of the culture of our Independent and
Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i has been fortified, the Aloha Spirit is once again
fully restored, and the Spirit of Justice, Freedom and Liberation shall once
again bring Peace on Earth for all Humanity.
We call upon our Kanaka Maoli people, and upon all Nations of the World, to
unite and act this day, to declare and proclaim our Inalienable Sovereignty of
the Nation State of Hawai`i, fully restored and functional, and to arise in the
uniting of freedom and dignity in our homeland, which is the homeland of the
Kanaka Maoli, now and forever.
Therefore, the Kupuna, in General Council Assembled, by the Authority
recognized and vested in the Aha Kuka O Ka Ohana, in the name of the Kanaka
Maoli people, to preserve and to forevermore cultivate the Heritage and Culture
of the Kanaka Maoli, do solemnly publish, declare and proclaim that the
Independent and Sovereign Nation of Hawai`i, is free and absolved from any
other political connection with any other Nation State. Those who disregard the
Principles and Rule of the Law of Nations, Justice, Integrity, Morality of
Character, and Humanity, by force and acts of aggression, now illegally occupy
We, the Kanaka Maoli, have therefore concluded that the facts are
self-evident, that to continue under any colonial regime would cause the
destruction and extinction of our Culture and People. We affirm our commitment
to the protection of our Divine Heritage. We, the Kanaka Maoli, mutually agree
and pledge Our Lives, Our Fortunes and Our Sacred Honor, in the Spirit of
Done this sixteenth day of January, nineteen hundred and ninety-four.
public document - please distribute freely
Executive Office, Nation of Hawai`i
P.O. Box 80, Waimanalo, Hawai`i
voice: 808/259-5049 or 259-7152