Bougainville independence movement|
Date: Mon, 9 Feb 1998 17:26:21 +1300
From: "Michael J Field" <email@example.com>
To: "Norbert Braumann" <N.Braumann@tu-bs.de>
Subject: Re: [BougI-xL] Revised INTRODUCTION to the Bougainville Info - Lists
Michael J Field, Agence France-Presse
Auckland, NEW ZEALAND
Ph (64 21) 688438 Fax (64 21) 694035
The Lincoln Agreement on peace, security and development on Bougainville
By Michael J Field, Agence France-Presse
9 February 1998
The government of Papua New Guinea, the Bougainville Transitional
Government, Bougainville Resistance Force, the Bougainville Interim
Government, the Bougainville Revolutionary Army and Bougainville
Leaders (the "Parties") having met in Lincoln University,
Christchurch, New Zealand, from 19-23 January 1998
(Sub: note the first letter of each point is bold to spell out "PEACE")
Praying for the Almighty's forgiveness, guidance and blessing for
their common endeavours;
Emphasising their firm commitment to peace by building on the
achievements in the Burnham Truce (sub: both words italics) and the
Cairns Commitment (sub: both words italics);
Acknowledging the suffering, pain and loss on all sides of the
conflict that they have agreed to end forever;
Committing themselves to peace, reconciliation and working together
for the common good;
Engaging in a process of consultation and cooperation, initiated by
Bougainvillean leaders, which they will continue;
1. PEACEFUL MEANS
The parties will co-operate to achieve and maintain peace by
peaceful means. They also pledge to renounce the use of armed
forces and violence, and agree to resolve any differences, by
consultation, both now and in the future. They confirm also
their respect for human rights and the rule of law.
2. EXTENSION OF THE TRUCE
The parties agree to extend the period of the Truce currently in
force to the 30th of April 1998 to allow for consultation as regards
the establishment of the ceasefire.
3.1 A permanent and irrevocable ceasefire will take effect in
Bougainville at 2400 hours on 30 April 1998.
3.2 The parties will co-operate to reduce fear in Bougainville and
take urgent steps to cooperate in promoting public awareness of,
and respect for, the ceasefire.
3.3 Immediately the ceasefire takes effect, the parties will refrain
from use of arms, ammunition, explosives and other instruments of
death, injury or destruction in Bougainville.
3.4 The parities will not manufacture, trade or distribute weapons
3.5 The parties will co-operate in accordance with law in reporting
and preventing the use, manufacture, importation, sale, trade,
exchange of weapons and ammunitions.
3.6 The parties will cooperate with the successor to the TMG in
recording, locating and arranging disposal of all arms, ammunitions,
explosives and other instruments of death, injury and destruction,
including parts and ingredients of all the parties in Bougainville.
4. WITHDRAWAL OF DEFENCE FORCE FROM BOUGAINVILLE
The parties agree to a phased withdrawal of the PNG Defence Force
from Bougainville subject to restoration of civil authority.
5. PEACE MONITORING GROUP
5.1 The Papua New Guinea National Government undertakes to conclude
the arrangements required for deployment of the successor to the
neutral regional Truce Monitoring Group (TMG) by no later than
30 April 1998
5.2 The Papua New Guinea National Government will seek the
endorsement of the United Nations Security Council for these
arrangements, including the appointment of a Special observing
mission to monitor these arrangements.
6. MANDATE OF THE PEACE KEEPING FORCE
The Mandate of the Successor to the TMG will be to:
6.1 monitor and report on the compliance of the parties to all
aspects of the ceasefire;
6.2 promote and instil confidence in the peace process through its
presence, good offices and interactions with people in Bougainville;
6.3 provide people in Bougainville with information about the=20
ceasefire and other aspects of the peace process;
6.4 provide such assistance in restoration and development consistent
with this Agreement as the parties may agree and available resour-
6.5 assist in the development and training and institution of a
6.6 and such other matters as may be agreed to by the parties which
will assist with the democratic resolution of the situation.
7. TRANSITION TO CIVILIAN PEACETIME POLICING
The parties will co-operate in
(a) re-establishing the Village Court System in Bougainville; and
(b) restoration of civilian peacetime policing, including arrangements
that will facilitate the recruitment, training and deployment of
8.1 The parties will co-operate in promoting reconciliation between
Bougainvilleans and with other individuals, groups and organisations
in Papua New Guinea.
8.2 The parties agree to free and democratic elections on Bougainville to
elect a Bougainville Reconciliation Government before the end of 1998.
9. REMOVAL OF BOUNTIES AND FREE MOVEMENT
9.1 The Papua New Guinea National Government:
(a) has confirmed the removal of bounties; and
(b) will facilitate the free and unhindered movement of Bougainvilleans
into, within and out of Papua New Guinea in accordance with law.
10. AMNESTY AND PARDON
The Papua New Guinea National Government will
(a) grant amnesty to persons involved in crisis-related activities on
all sides; and
(b) following recepts of advice from the Advisory Committee on the
Power of Mercy, recommend pardons for persons convicted of crisis
11. RESTORATION AND DEVELOPMENT
11.1 The parities will co-operate in restoration and development in
Bougainville in both the public and private sectors, with
particular emphasis on rural areas.
11.2 The Papua New Guinea National Government will seek appropriate
forms of assistance from international organisations, foreign
governments and organisations for restoration and development
11.3 Assistance for restoration and development in Bougainville will,
to the maximum practical extent, be sought and administered so as
to promote Bougainvillean participation.
11.4 The Papua New Guinea National Government will prepare an
Indicative Program in consultation with the parties to help
secure funding and other resources to assist in restoration
and development in Bougainville.
11.5 The parties agree to co-operate in restoring normalcy, including
the return of Bougainvilleans in care centres to their villages
and resuming development in Bougainville by acting without delay to
(a) facilitate communications and access to villages on Bougainville;
(b) provide essential services, such as health and education.
12. CONSULTATION AND LIAISON
The parties agree to promote consultation co-operation and liaison
at the political level among Bougainvilleans and with the Papua New
Guinea National Government.
13. POLITICAL ISSUE
13.1 The parties agree to meet again in Bougainville to address the
political issue before the end of June 1998.
13.2 Officials will meet as required to prepare for such meetings.
14. PUBLIC AWARENESS
The parties will co-operate in promoting public awareness of, and
respect for, this Agreement.
15. ANNEXES TO THIS AGREEMENT AND SUBSIDIARY ARRANGEMENTS
Detailed arrangements for implementation and development of this
Agreement may, by agreement, be embodied in Annexes or subsidiary
arrangements to this Agreement.
16. ONGOING CO-OPERATION
In signing this Agreement the parties whose signatures appear below
commit themselves to working together for peace, justice, security
and development in Bougainville by
(a) co-operating with each other; and
(b) promoting a bipartisan approach in the National Parliament and the
community as a whole.
Done at Lincoln, Christchurch, New Zealand this 23rd day of January 1998.
Sir John Kaputin
Chief Negotiator PNG Government
Mr Joseph Kabui
Bougainville Interim Government
Hon Sam Akoitai MP
Minister for Bougainville Affairs,
General Sam Kauona
Hon. Gerard Sinato
Premier Bougainville Transitional Government
Hon John Momis, MP
Member for Bougainville Regional PNG Government
Hon. Michael Laimo MP
Member for South Bougainville PNG Government
Hon Michael Ogio, MP
Member for North Bougainville PNG Government
Hon. Bartholomew Ulufa'alu, MP
Prime Minister Solomon Islands.
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