The role of cyberwar

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Wars of the Near Future
By K. Sundarji, Asiaweek 9 January 1998. To fight a new-style enemy, ‘information’ weapons. Supranational agencies to repress groups newly empowered by electronic communications.
CIA to launch secret cyberwar
South News, 23 May 1999. President Clinton has authorized the CIA to undertake a series of undercover actions that include the use of US government computers to hack into banks accounts. NATO allies were to be kept in the dark about the plan.
Preparing for cyberwar; Mars gives way to Minerva
By Francis Pisani, Le Monde diplomatique, August 1999. After the U.S. war in Kosovo some of the old certainties inherited from the cold war are about to give way to new military doctrines. The network is now the organisational paradigm.
U.S. Military Grapples With Cyber Warfare Rules
Reuters, 8 November 1999. The U.S. Defense Department considered hacking into computer networks to disrupt military operations and basic civilian services, but refrained from doing so because of continuing uncertainties and limitations surrounding the emerging field of ‘cyber warfare,’
By Ellen Messmer, IDG, 22 November 2000. The U.S. military is preparing to launch a cyberattack against potential adversaries, some of whom are stockpiling cyberweapons. Such an attack would likely involve launching massive distributed denial-of-service assaults, unleashing crippling computer viruses or Trojans, and jamming the enemy's computer systems through electronic radio-frequency interference.
Cyber threat more dangerous than military attack, Brit info, 3 April 2001. British national infrastructure is now more at danger from cyber attacks than it is from any military threat. The U.S. FBI finished a year-long investigation and issued an unprecedented alert over the activities of hackers mainly from eastern Europe.
Cyber warfare to be part of Taiwan war drill
The Straits Times, 8 August 2000. Taiwan’s military will test whether computer viruses can be used as a strike weapon. In the event of attack, viruses will be one form of defence. Teams that will square off later this month in the Han Kuang war games will use computer viruses collected by the military to attack each other’s information network.
CyberArmy declares war
By Megan McAuliffe, ZDNet Australia, 19 January 2001. With a member base of 35,000, CyberArmy may have the biggest armament the Net has ever seen, rallying to take down Web sites that ‘abuse’ the World Wide Web—and removing power from governments. CyberArmy started off as a small group of advocates promoting free speech and Internet deregulation.
World Governments Choosing Linux for National Security
By Jim Krane, The Associated Press, 3 December 2001. For reasons of national security and national pride, government officials in countries like China, France and Germany are increasingly adopting the free, open-source computer operating system known as Linux. Microsoft Windows is prone to viruses and hackers.
The FBI's Magic Lantern: Ashcroft Can Be in Your Computer
By Nat Hentoff, The Village Voice, 24 May 2002. The FBI has asked “Internet service providers to install technology in their networks to secretly read e-mails.” That molestation of privacy was called “Carnivore.” But the FBI has developed an even more insidious device to obtain “the most intimate occurrences of the home”and office. Beware of “The Magic Lantern.”
Bush reportedly asks for cyber-warfare policy
By Grant Gross, IDG News Service, 7 February 2003. President George W. Bush has reportedly directed the U.S. government to develop a policy on waging cyber-warfare, but one security vendor suggested such tactics could backfire.
Hackers attack al-Jazeera website
Reuters, Friday 28 March 2003. A hacker attack has sidelined the website of Arab satellite TV network al-Jazeera, as cyber-vandals replaced the news site with a stars-and-stripes logo saying “Let Freedom Ring”. The site has suffered constant cyber attacks since an English language version devoted to the war in Iraq was launched on Monday.
Israeli team in Delhi to propagate ‘digital warfare’
By Rajat Pandit, The Times of India (Mumbai), 25 May 2005. Even as the Army gears up to face the rapidly evolving challenges of information warfare in a digitised battlefield, a top Israeli military delegation has arrived in New Delhi to discuss cooperation in C4I (command, co-ntrol, communications, computers and intelligence) systems. Conflicts in the future are expected to be fought primarily in the theatre of information warfare (IW).