Nuclear bombs

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Minutes of the second meeting of the Target Committee
Los Alamos, May 10–11 1945. The U.S. Air Force debates which of five populations it will annihilate.
First Committee Challenges Nuclear Powers
By Jim Wurst, from Disarmament Times, 22 November 1994. First Committee of the U.N. General Assembly adopts a series of draft resolutions.
Lab Testing Undermines Test Ban and NPT
By Jacqueline Cabasso, Disarmament Times, 22 November 1994. The US, Russia, France and U.K. observe a moratorium on underground nuclear testing during negotiations on a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). But nuclear testing actually goes on at the U.S. Nuclear Weapons Laboratories in Livermore, California, and Los Alamos, New Mexico, under the guise of “Stockpile Stewardship.”
Hiroshima and Nagasaki: victims of nuclear terror
By Phil Shannon, Green Left Weekly, [18 September 1995]. Most people now agree that the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki 50 years ago was a tragedy. But for 50 years, the myth that it was also necessary has been argued by political and military supporters of nuclear weapons.
World Court ruling on nuclear weapons: Analysis
PM on the World Court's Advisory Opinion July 8 1996. On 8 July 1996, the International Court of Justice in the Hague declared nuclear weapons illegal and that states have a legal obligation to get rid of them. The Court clarified the legal position in response to a request for legal advise from the UN General Assembly in December 1994.
Remember Your Humanity
Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance speech by Joseph Rotblat, Oslo, 10 December 1995. Hiroshima represents a splendid achievement of science and technology turned malign. Science became identified with death and destruction.
Nuclear weapons: U.S. and India
By Joseph Gerson, American Friends Service Committee, 16 May 1998. The Pokharan test explosions increase the danger of nuclear war in South Asia and between India and China. The U.S. response should not be to impose sanctions, but instead to honor our thirty-year, Article VI Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty commitment to the abolition of all nuclear weapons.
An Appeal from Scientists in Japan to the Scientists and Citizens of the World: Charging Scientists with Moral Responsibility for the New Crisis in Nuclear Proliferation
23 August 1998. Eighteen natural scientists issue an appeal in reaction to nuclear tests by India and Pakistan in May. They increase the risk of nuclear war and have lowered the barriers to the possession and testing of nuclear weapons.
30 Years After: The legacy of America's largest nuclear test
By Jeffrey St. Clair, In These Times, 8 August 1999. In the early '60s when the Pentagon and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) where to test H-bombs, it choose Amchitka Island in the Aleutians for three large underground nuclear tests, including the most powerful nuclear explosion ever detonated by the United States.
North Korea slams US Republican Party's stance on missile shields; Party ignoring peace process
The Straits Times, 4 August 2000. North Korea issued a stinging attack on the US Republican Party's policy on North Korea and its pledge to push ahead with the development of missile defence shields at the expense of the current peace process on the Korean peninsula.
International Meeting of 2000 World Conference against A and H Bombs adopts declaration
JPS, Saturday 5 August 2000. The International Meeting of the 2000 World Conference against A and H Bombs closed its 3-day sessions on August 4 and unanimously adopted a declaration. Here is the full text.
Size Doesn't Matter; America Has Put Nuclear Weapons Back on the World's Agenda; Big or small, they're still dangerous
By Richard Norton-Taylor, Guardian (London), 25 April 2001. It is time we Europeans woke up to the fact that nuclear weapons are back on the agenda. A growing lobby of American zealots, reawakened by President Bush's election success and egged on by leading scientists, want to attack “rogue” states with nuclear weapons.
Mini-nukes, maxi-danger
Mercury News Editorial, Mercury News, 24 April 2003. THE Bush administration is foolishly moving ahead with a new generation of boutique nuclear weapons that will undermine its efforts to stop countries like North Korea from acquiring them.
‘Mini nuke strikes’ and the ICJ advisory opinion
By Myint Zan, Jordan Times, Friday-Saturday 15–16 August 2003. The US is contemplating the development and potential use of ‘mini nukes’ whereby “many buried targets could be attacked using a weapon with a much lower yield than would be required if a surface based weapon was used.” The ICJ by a majority decided that such threats or uses of nuclear weapons are ‘generally’ unlawful, but it was unable to determine whether there is a prohibition when the very existence of a state is threatened.
U.S. seeks to defang NPT
Kyodo News, Japan Today, 1 December 2004. The US will suggest that a document adopted in 2000 meeting in which five nuclear powers committed to an “unequivocal undertaking” to a nuclear-free world be invalidated.
Nuclear Proliferation: A Gathering Storm
By Conn Hallinan, Foreign Policy in Focus, 2 February 2006. The 30-year-old Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) commits the 177 non-nuclear nations that signed it not to acquire nuclear weapons and the Big Five nuclear powers—the United States, Britain, France, China, and the USSR—to dismantle theirs. While Tehran is being accused of trying to scam the NPT by secretly developing nuclear weapons, the open flaunting of the Treaty by the major nuclear powers is simply ignored.
Nuclear non-proliferation a delicate business
By Mark Coultan, The Age> (Australia), 10 March 2006. Any country has the right to master these (nuclear) operations for civilian uses. But in doing so, it also masters the most difficult steps in making a nuclear bomb. Many countries opposed the non-proliferation treaty, but for the most part, and despite little or no efforts by the five big powers to reduce their nuclear armoury, the treaty stuck.