The economic history of the Caspian region

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Ocalan's capture spells trouble for Caspian plans
By Michael Lelyveld, Asia Times, 24 February 1999. Turkey's success in capturing the Kurdish separatist leader Abdullah Ocalan could mean more trouble for its plan to pipe petroleum from the Caspian Sea. The preferred pipeline routes from the Caspian carefully skirt Kurdish strongholds where Turkey has fought to exert its control. But the pipelines will still stretch across the borders of a volatile region.
Gloomy picture overshadows oil bonanza
By Michael Lelyveld, Asia Times, 8 May 1999. A dark picture of Caspian Sea development. Poverty, pollution and corruption in the midst of oil exploration and wealth for the privileged few.
Caspian Sea oil a prize the U.S. wants to control
By Tom Hundley, The Chicago Tribune, 25 November 1999. The leaders of Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan signed an agreement to build a new 1,080-mile pipeline that could carry a million barrels of oil a day from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean. The U.S. hails the pipeline as a major foreign policy triumph because Caspian oil will not have to flow through Russia or Iran to get to the oil-hungry markets of the West.
Russia Aims At Caspian Sea Settlement
By Sergei Blagov, IPS, 29 September 2000. Russia is urging the Caspian littoral states—including Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan—to reach agreements to protect bio-resources without waiting until the Caspian Sea is divided formally among them. The Caspian, the world's largest inland sea, is a focal point of an accelerating clash of interests among Russia, its newly independent neighbours and Iran—mainly because the 700 mile-long sea contains six separate hydrocarbon basins.
Caspian pipeline skirts trouble spots
By Bill Anderson, UPI, Tuesday 27 November 2001. The grand opening of a 900-mile pipeline that has thrown open the door to the vast oilfields of the volatile Caspian Sea region. The pipeline was built in a little more than a year by the Caspian Pipeline Consortium and links the huge Tenzig field of western Kazakhstan to the seaport of Novorossiysk.
World Bank Pipeline in Georgia and Azerbaijan Illustrates Problems with Extractive Industries
From CEE Bankwatch Network, Monday 27 May 2002. The issue of the harm which extractive industry projects have created in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The Baku-Supsa pipeline was the first fast-track component of the contract of the century, involving partial development of the Chirag oil field and related facilities in the Caspian Sea.