The history of economic sanctions on
the Republic of Iraq (1991-2002)

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Ten myths about the sanctions against Iraq
By Elias Davidsson, 15 July 1994. An evaluation of the legality of the sanctions and of the justifications raised in their support.
March 13 Demo against UN Sanctions against Iraq
From the International Action Center <>, 8 March 1995. Announcement of a demonstration in front of the United Nations to demand an end to U.N. sanctions against Iraq. The demonstration is timed to coincide with the bi-monthly UN security Council vote on whether to continue economic sanctions against Iraq.
The Children Are Dying; U.S. Sanctions—a Crime Against Humanity
By Ali Baghdadi, IAC, 17 January 1996. Economic sanctions and blockades, as now applied as the weapon of choice by the US and by the Security Council of the UN at the urging of the U.S. and its allies, are a weapon of mass destruction directed at a whole people.
IAC to publish report: Sanction are an act of war
By John Catalinotto, Workers World 18 January 1996. Will progressives and humanitarians worldwide be able to mobilize the forces needed to stop the massive deaths of Iraqi children caused by United Nations sanctions? International Action Center leaders see their plans to publish and publicize a book on these sanctions as a big first step.
Sanctions against Iraq have killed 500,000 babies: This is no softer weapon of war
By Deirdre Griswold, Workers World [28 January 1996]. U.S. troops are engaged in starving Iraq. Their methods are just as cruel as the medieval sieges that laid waste to walled cities. They have murdered 500,000 babies and children. They are stunting a whole new generation. That is the conclusion of a United Nations report.
The Ongoing War Against Iraq's Civilians
By Colman McCarthy, Washington Post, 30 January 1996. On fifth anniversary, the media ignore that the war continues and its tragic costs. The embargo is seen as intended to cause Hussein to dispose of illicit weapons, but ignores that the US and its allies, Britain and France, in the 1980s were among the major arms selling profiteering off Saddam. Iraqi citizens are being devastated by this economic war as they were five years ago by the bombing war.
The Economic Sanctions against the Iraqi People: Consequences and Legal Findings
By Elias Davidsson, April 1996. The Humanitarian tragedy in Iraq since 1991. The need to assess the civil and criminal liabilities deriving from the sanctions. Economic sanctions as a form of warfare. The criminal nature of the sanctions against the Iraqi people. The Applicability of the Geneva Conventions.
Former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark appeals for Iraq
From Mid-East Realities, 1 May 1996. Two months have passed since the Security Council last reviewed the murderous sanctions against Iraq and more than 20,000 human beings have died as a direct result of its failure to end the sanctions that time. More than 10,000 of those who died in March and April are infants and children. The entire population of Iraq has suffered.
Making Iraq a Basket Case
By Stanley Heller, 7 June 1996. To shut up critics of the deadly UN sanctions on Iraq, the UN Security Council (i.e. the Clinton Administration) closed an oil for food deal with the Iraqi government. It will guarantee that deaths from malnutration and disease will continue though at a less grisly scale.
One out of every four malnourished in Iraq
By Waiel Faleh, The Baghdad Observer, 4 June 1997. A survey published by the Ministry of Health with collaboration of UNICEF and WFP has found out that one out of every four young Iraqi children is malnourished (low weight for age). In 1991, one year after the sanctions began, only 9,2 per cent of the children were found to be malnourished, to date the figure has jumped to 25 per cent.
U.S. blockades kill
People&s Weekly World, 25 October 1997. The U.S.-enforced blockade of Iraq over the past six years has caused the death of 1.2 million Iraqis including three-quarters of a million children, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
US/British bloody mindedness on Iraq continues
South News, 22 October 1997. The United States and Britain were frustrated on Wednesday Oct 22 in their efforts to impose new Security Council sanctions on Iraq. Egypt and Kenya joined Russia, France & China in opposing the US-British resolution to establish delayed automatic travel ban on Iraqi personnel.
Sanctions Against Iraq Have Deadly Impact
By Megan Arney, soc.culture.african newsgroup, 22 December 1997. The UN Security Council voted December 4 to continue to allow the Iraqi government to sell $2 billion worth of oil every six months to pay war reparations and purchase a limited amount of food and medicine. This arrangement was established last year, within the framework of sanctions that were first imposed on Baghdad by the UN Security Council in 1990 at Washington>s insistence.
It is an outrage that you repeat fabricated disinformation
By Graf Hans von Sponeck, former humanitarian coordinator for Iraq, The Guardian (London), 4 January 2001. December 17 2000 was the first anniversary of UN Resolution 1284, which to be a step towards resolving disarmament issues as a precondition for the suspension of the economic sanctions; this resolution was still-born.
Iraq accuses US of sabotaging deal
DAWN, 17 June 2002. Iraq accused the US of trying to sabotage its oil-for-food lifeline, warning that crude exports could drop below one million barrels per day due to the contested UN pricing mechanism. The UN-imposed retroactive pricing mechanism on Iraqi crude could drive Iraq's crude exports below one million barrels per day.