The history of structural adjustment (liberalization)
in Africa as a whole
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- Governance, Economics, and Interdependence:
Constraints and Possibilities in Sub-Saharan Africa
- By Julius O. Ihonvbere, 9-12 June 1994. The World Bank,
‘good governance,’ structural adjustment and
democratization (49 Kb).
- OAU appeals to U.S. not to cut aid to
- From Information, 16 January 1995. The OAU
notes that Africa has undertaken
- African NGOs on World Bank IDA
- A position paper of the Africa Policy Information
Center, 12 February 1995. The International Development
Association (IDA) is a branch of the World Bank and here
replies to African NGOs who say that structural adjustment
is hard on the poor.
- Re. SAPs
- By Peter Limb, 11 August 1995. Some bibliographic
- Africa: Where have all the dismissed
- From People's Weekly World, 19 August
1995. Structural adjustment.
- What happened to the democratisation
- By Luc Demaret, ICFTU OnLine, 14 May
1997. Conference being called in Dakar to discuss the
disastrous effects of structural adjustment programs on
the population of Africa and their contribution to
- Africa-Development: Poverty Tightens its
- By Gumisai Mutume, InterPress Service, 11 June
1997. The twin millstones of debt and structural adjustment
- Final resolution of the Preparatory
Committee on the International Tribunal on Africa
- Johannesburg, Sunday February 28 1999. A preparatory
meeting for the International Tribunal on Africa organised
by the Socialist Party of Azania (Republic of South
Africa), trade union leaders from Azania and the
International Liaison Committee for a Workers'
- A Survey of the Impacts of IMF Structural
Adjustment in Africa: Growth, Social Spending, and Debt
- By Robert Naiman and Neil Watkins (Research Associates at
the Preamble Center), April 1999. The data reviewed in this
study suggest that the International Monetary Fund has
failed in Africa in terms of its own stated objectives and
according to its own data.
- Scholars Seek New Economic Programme For
- By Lewis Machipisa, IPS, 6 August 1999. Growing call in
Africa to revive the African Alternative Framework to
Structural Adjustment Programmes (AFF-SAP), which has been
in the archive for 10 years.