The economic history of the Horn of Africa as a whole

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La Nina brings food crisis to Horn of Africa
By Kieran Murray, Reuters News Service, 9 November 1999. Two years after El Nino’s floods killed thousands of people and caused havoc across the Horn of Africa, little sister La Nina is destroying the region’s crops and threatening millions with starvation.
UN Warns of Serious Crisis in Horn of Africa
By Thalif Deen, IPS, 31 March 2000. The United Nations has warned of an impending humanitarian crisis of serious proportions in the already embattled Horn of Africa. 12.4 million people in seven countries—Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Eritrea, Uganda, Djibouti and Sudan—are threatened by a major famine primarily due to a prolonged drought.
Trade Link Established
UN Integrated Regional Information Network, 4 August 2001. Ethiopia has begun importing and exporting goods through Port Sudan, to Sudan. An agreement between the two countries has been concluded and goods have already started moving.
The Horn of Africa: Background, Scope And Regional Initiatives
Analysis by Sisay Asefa, Addis Tribune (Addis Ababa), 30 May 2003. The Horn of Africa is one of the most important and strategic areas of Africa and the global economy. It is a bridge between Africa and the Middle East, as well as a gateway to the oilfields of the Persian Gulf. It is a culturally and historically rich region of the world with great natural resource potential.