The economic history of the
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

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Red alert for Ethiopi’s green revolution
By Andrea Useem, Third World Network Features, 18 November 1997. The Ethiopian government’s promotion of hybrid seeds to pursue food self-sufficiency is ecologically unsound and not sustainable.
Looking for the Right Formula
Seven Days Update (Addis Ababa), 10 May 2000. The Monitor of May 2 reported that Prime Minister Meles Zenawi vigorously defended his government’s policy of state ownership of land, although independent institutions have criticized it as a stumbling block to food production.
L'Ethiopie enregistre un déficit de 800 millions de dollars
Panafrican News Agency, 10 October 2000. L’Ethiopie a enregistré un déficit commercial de 6,9 milliards de Birr au cours de l’année budgétaire 1999-2000. Les produits exportés se sont appréciés de 14,7 pour cent en revenus et 3,1 pour cent en volume; les importations ont enregistré une augmentation de 15,7 pour cent en valeur.
Government Should Augment Protection With Support
Opinion by Lullit G. Michael, The Daily Monitor (Addis Ababa), 14 November 2000. The manufacturing industry in Ethiopia is already feeling the pinch from the free market policy. The new non-protectionist (liberal) trade policy requires that the country open up its borders to foreign goods and as a result, recently privatized manufacturers and private producers as well as long protected state plants are finding it difficult to compete with cheap goods from Asia.
Ethiopians Worried By Persistent Economic Woes
By Yohannes Ruphael, Panafrican News Agency, 21 November 2000. The World Bank’s most recent report ranks Ethiopia, with per capita income of 100 US dollars, as the poorest country in the world. The Ethiopian economy grew on average by 2.6 percent between 1960/61 and 1998/99, while the population grew by roughly the same proportion. The net per capita GDP growth over the period at 0.006 percent per annum. The performance between the three political periods of Emperor Haile Selassie, the Derg and the post Derg periods.
Our Holy Grail: Three Meals a Day
Opinion by Berhe W. Aregay, The Daily Monitor (Addis Ababa), 22 November 2000. In this age of globalization, you are supposed to buy food, and not grow it yourself. Here in Ethiopia, where farming the business of 80 per cent of the population, the goal remains an illusion. If only the droughts would vanish!