The retrospective history of the Rwandese Republic (Rwanda)
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- Tribunal on Hutus is Hypocrisy
- By Simon Templer, 21 February 1996. Looks back at the
days of Habyarimana. Argues that the Hutus at the time
weren't doing any better a job for the masses in
Rwanda than the current government in Kigali.
- Rwandan Genocide: The French
- By Tom Heaton. France accused of having performed a
facilitatory role in the genocide. From the beginning of
the RPA invasion during October 1990, France airlifted
arms, ammunition and communications equipment into Rwanda
to keep the RPA at bay. France also had a close relations
with the Hutu-dominated Rwandan government and, like the
UN, must have enjoyed accurate information about the
impending massacre four months before it happened.
- Genocide in Rwanda?
- From Greg Dunkel, L'Humanite's special report
on the French involvement in Rwanda from 1991 to 1994, how
they armed the government, even after massacres of Tutsis
took place in 1992-1993, how they sent military advisors
to the Habayarima government in 1993. Evidence that France
was implicated in the massacres that took place.
- Post-Mortem on the International Commission
of Inquiry (Rwanda)
- By Joost R. Hiltermann. In April 1994 the United Nations
left the scene with its tail between its legs. For
example, the complete and utter non-enforcement, and even
unpunished violation, of its arms embargo imposed on
Rwanda in May 1994. The importance of the trade in small
- Memo links Rwandan leader to
- BBC News Online. A UN memo suggests Rwanda's interim
president, Paul Kagame, may have ordered the 1994
assassination of former president Habyarimana. The Rwandan
Government denies the allegations.
- ‘Explosive’ Leak on Rwanda
- By Steven Edwards, The National Post. Tutsi
informants tell UN investigators they were on squad that
killed President Habyarimana, that they acted under the
direction of Rwandan Patriotic Front military leader and
now Vice-President, Paul Kagame, and were assisted by a
foreign power. Evidence the U.S. supplied the SAM rockets
used to bring down he president's plane.
- Accusations over Rwanda plane
- By Chris Simpson in Kigali, BBC News Online. The Rwandan
Government denies that the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)
shot down President Juvenal Habyarimana's plane in
April 1994. The Canadian National Post said it had
obtained a confidential United Nations report of testimony
from RPF informants on their own involvement in the attack
on the plane.
Turmoil in the months following the death of President Habyarimana
- Churches urged to examine genocide
- From the IPS. The extent to which the churches,
especially the Catholic Church, because of their close
association with President Habyarimana, responded feebly
to the Tutsi slaughter and some church leaders may
actually not only have withheld aid to Tutsis in need, but
to have contributed to the pogrom launched in April 1994
by Hutu extremists in the government and army against the
country's Tutsi population and moderate Hutus.
- UN Failed to Halt 1994 Genocide in
- By Jim Wurst, IPS. An independent panel of inquiry has
faulted the United Nations and member states for failing
to prevent or halt the genocide in Rwanda in 1994. Lack of
resources and lack of will to stop or prevent the
genocide. The UN peacekeeping mission, UNAMIR, had been
established in October 1993 to help monitor a peace
agreement reached that year between the government of
Rwanda and the Tutsi-led Rwandese Patriotic Front, but was
reduced when the slaughter began.
- ‘Special operations’ training
of military forces in Rwanda
- From The Washington Post. Part of the
Washington Post's series on ‘special
operations.’ The Post claims US
military engagement began only in 1995. Hutu raids into
Rwanda from bases inside Zaire. Kagame's dependence on
Washington to continue his attack on the Hutu. Relevance
of Kagame's alliance with Museveni and Ugandan