Date: 01 Jul 96 13:26:49 EST
Glen WELKER <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: THE POCAHONTAS MYTH (fwd)
This year, Roy Disney decided to release an animated movie about a
Powhatan woman known as
Pocahontas. In answer to a complaint by
the Powhatan Nation, he claims the film is
We of the Powhatan Nation disagree. The film distorts history beyond recognition. Our offers to assist Disney with cultural and historical accuracy were rejected. Our efforts urging him to reconsider his misguided mission were spurred.
Pocahontas was a nickname, meaning
the naughty one or
spoiled child. Her real name was Matoaka. The legend is that
she saved a heroic John Smith from being clubbed to death by her
father in 1607 - she would have been about 10 or 11 at the time. The
truth is that Smith's fellow colonists described him as an
abrasive, ambitious, self-promoting mercenary soldier.
Of all of Powhatan's children, only
Pocahontas is known,
primarily because she became the hero of Euro-Americans as the
Indian, one who saved the life of a white man. Not only is the
good Indian/bad Indian theme inevitably given new life by
Disney, but the history, as recorded by the English themselves, is
badly falsified in the name of
The truth of the matter is that the first time John Smith told the story about this rescue was 17 years after it happened, and it was but one of three reported by the pretentious Smith that he was saved from death by a prominent woman.
Yet in an account Smith wrote after his winter stay with
Powhatan's people, he never mentioned such an incident. In fact,
the starving adventurer reported he had been kept comfortable and
treated in a friendly fashion as an honored guest of Powhatan and
Powhatan's brothers. Most scholars think the
incident would have been highly unlikely, especially since it was
part of a longer account used as justification to wage war on
Euro-Americans must ask themselves why it has been so important to elevate Smith's fibbing to status as a national myth worthy of being recycled again by Disney. Disney even improves upon it by changing Pocahontas from a little girl into a young woman.
The true Pocahontas story has a sad ending. In 1612, at the age of 17, Pocahontas was treacherously taken prisoner by the English while she was on a social visit, and was held hostage at Jamestown for over a year.
During her captivity, a 28-year-old widower named John Rolfe took a
special interest in the attractive young prisoner. As a
condition of her release, she agreed to marry Rolfe, who the world can
thank for commercializing tobacco. Thus, in April 1614, Matoaka, also
Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, became
Rebecca Rolfe. Shortly after, they had a son, whom they named
Thomas Rolfe. The descendants of Pocahontas and John Rolfe were known
Two years later on the spring of 1616, Rolfe took her to England where the Virginia Company of London used her in their propaganda campaign to support the colony. She was wined and dined and taken to theaters. It was recorded that on one occassion when she encountered John Smith (who was also in London at the time), she was so furious with him that she turned her back to him, hid her face, and went off by herself for several hours. Later, in a second encounter, she called him a liar and showed him the door.
Rolfe, his young wife, and their son set off for Virginia in March of
Rebecca had to be taken off the ship at Gravesend.
She died there on March 21, 1617, at the age of 21. She was buried at
Gravesend, but the grave was destroyed in a reconstruction of the
church. It was only after her death and her fame in London society
that Smith found it convienient to invent the yarn that she had
History tells the rest. Chief Powhatan died the following spring of 1618. The people of Smith and Rolfe turned upon the people who had shared their resources with them and had shown them friendship. During Pocahontas' generation, Powhatan's people were decimated and dispersed and their lands were taken over. A clear pattern had been set which would soon spread across the American continent.