The contemporary political history
of Native America as a whole
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- Indigenous Peoples' Rights
- By Chief Abel Bosum, Ouje-Bougoumou Cree Nation, at Kennedy
Library, Boston MA, 10 December 1994. The UN was founded to
establish and enforce a higher standard of ethical and moral
behavior than individual States may practice, and States do not
have ultimate sovereignty over basic human rights and fundamental
freedoms. The old and unpleasant Indigenous history, what we take
to be past history, is not really over--it persists. It persists
throughout this hemisphere, and in the remaining places in the
world where indigenous peoples survive.
- On the International Day of Indigenous
- Declared by the United Nations Resolution A/49, 12 December
1994. By Rigoberta Menchú Tum, Quito, 9 August 1996. While
there is much uncertainty, the indigenous peoples present
flowerings of life and hope. They are planting the seeds of
a multiethnic, pluricultural and plurilingual future which
will be the guarantee of a peace full and harmonious
coexistence in these pluralistic societies.
- Declaration of Indigenous Peoples of the Western
Hemisphere Regarding the Human Genome Diversity Project
- By the South and Meso American Indian Rights Center, 9 February
1995. Objection to the appropriation of gene samples. The Project
is reductionist, and genetic manipulation is dangerous.
- The Human Genome Diversity Project: Implications
for Indigenous Peoples
- By Debra Harry. 14 March 1995. The Human Genome Diversity
Project has yet to respond adequately to fundamental ethical
problems. The HGD Project's assumptions that the origins
and/or migrations of Indigenous populations will be
answered is insulting to groups who
already have strong cultural beliefs regarding their origins.
- Native Americansnations in struggle for
- Interview with Vernon Bellecourt, by An
Phoblacht/Republican News, 4 May 1995. Bellecourt a
founder of the American Indian Movement (AIM). Analogies with
struggles in Northern Ireland.
- Human Rights in an Interdependent World
- A speech by Rigoberta Menchu, 28 September 1995, with an
Introduction by Diego Cevallos, 27 January 1996. The unity
of political, economic, scientific, academic, women power
and also youth power, is how we can go about changing the
world. The need that we all have to dream in a concrete way,
in a very direct manner, to find out how we can resolve the
great challenges that we face.
- World Peace and Prayer Day - Global Healing: June
- By Arvol Looking Horse, 20 October 1996. Arvol Looking Horse,
19th Generation Keeper of the Sacred White Buffalo Calf Pipe
for the Nakota Nation ask that all Nations upon Mother Earth
declare June 21st, 1996 World Peace and Prayer Day. At the
United Nations and again at Six Nations, Canada, the
of Indigenous people's prophesies tell us it is time to begin
mending the Sacred Hoop and begin global healing by working
towards world peace and harmony.
- What is the definition of a true Native
- Editorial by JoAnn White Eagle, Thornton, Colorado, Indian Country Today, [23 October 1997].
It isn't just going to pow wows, watching the dancers, wearing
buckskin dresses and letting the steady drum beat restart my
heart, my soul. It's more. The white culture sees us with a bit
of awe, as something from the not so recent past. We see
ourselves in limbo not knowing where to stand. Are we red, or
are we white?