The contemporary political history
of Native America as a whole

Hartford Web Publishing is not the author of the documents in World History Archives and does not presume to validate their accuracy or authenticity nor to release their copyright.

Indigenous Peoples' Rights
By Chief Abel Bosum, Ouje-Bougoumou Cree Nation, at Kennedy Library, Boston MA, 10 December 1994. The UN was founded to establish and enforce a higher standard of ethical and moral behavior than individual States may practice, and States do not have ultimate sovereignty over basic human rights and fundamental freedoms. The old and unpleasant Indigenous history, what we take to be past history, is not really over--it persists. It persists throughout this hemisphere, and in the remaining places in the world where indigenous peoples survive.
On the International Day of Indigenous Peoples
Declared by the United Nations Resolution A/49, 12 December 1994. By Rigoberta Menchú Tum, Quito, 9 August 1996. While there is much uncertainty, the indigenous peoples present flowerings of life and hope. They are planting the seeds of a multiethnic, pluricultural and plurilingual future which will be the guarantee of a peace full and harmonious coexistence in these pluralistic societies.
Declaration of Indigenous Peoples of the Western Hemisphere Regarding the Human Genome Diversity Project
By the South and Meso American Indian Rights Center, 9 February 1995. Objection to the appropriation of gene samples. The Project is reductionist, and genetic manipulation is dangerous.
The Human Genome Diversity Project: Implications for Indigenous Peoples
By Debra Harry. 14 March 1995. The Human Genome Diversity Project has yet to respond adequately to fundamental ethical problems. The HGD Project's assumptions that the origins and/or migrations of Indigenous populations will be discovered and scientifically answered is insulting to groups who already have strong cultural beliefs regarding their origins.
Native Americans—nations in struggle for survival
Interview with Vernon Bellecourt, by An Phoblacht/Republican News, 4 May 1995. Bellecourt a founder of the American Indian Movement (AIM). Analogies with struggles in Northern Ireland.
Human Rights in an Interdependent World
A speech by Rigoberta Menchu, 28 September 1995, with an Introduction by Diego Cevallos, 27 January 1996. The unity of political, economic, scientific, academic, women power and also youth power, is how we can go about changing the world. The need that we all have to dream in a concrete way, in a very direct manner, to find out how we can resolve the great challenges that we face.
World Peace and Prayer Day - Global Healing: June 21st, 1996
By Arvol Looking Horse, 20 October 1996. Arvol Looking Horse, 19th Generation Keeper of the Sacred White Buffalo Calf Pipe for the Nakota Nation ask that all Nations upon Mother Earth declare June 21st, 1996 World Peace and Prayer Day. At the United Nations and again at Six Nations, Canada, the signs of Indigenous people's prophesies tell us it is time to begin mending the Sacred Hoop and begin global healing by working towards world peace and harmony.
What is the definition of a true Native American?
Editorial by JoAnn White Eagle, Thornton, Colorado, Indian Country Today, [23 October 1997]. It isn't just going to pow wows, watching the dancers, wearing buckskin dresses and letting the steady drum beat restart my heart, my soul. It's more. The white culture sees us with a bit of awe, as something from the not so recent past. We see ourselves in limbo not knowing where to stand. Are we red, or are we white?