Documents written by Malcolm X

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On Black people and war
Malcolm X, 10 November 1963. Extract from the speech, “Message to the Grass Roots”, directed to a predominantly African American audience in Detroit.
Interview with Malcolm X
Monthly Review, May 1964. Interview between Malcolm X on 19 March 1964 and poet and jazz critic A.B. Spellman. The futility of the integrationist program; split in the upper ranks of Muslim leadership; whether Malcolm is racist and advocates mob violence; etc.
‘The Ballot Or The Bullet’
Excerpts from “The Ballot or the Bullet”, a speech Malcolm X gave on 3 April 1964 at the Cory Methodist Church in Cleveland, Ohio, at a meeting sponsored by the Cleveland chapter of the Congress of Racial Equality.
Quote of the Day: Malcolm X
Extract from a speech by El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcolm X), presented at 2nd OAAU Rally on 5 July 1964.
‘The oppressed are shaking off the shackles’
Malcolm X, 3 December 1964. Excepts from remarks at a proram sponsored by the Oxford Union, a student debating society at Oxford University in the UK, 3 December 1964.
Youth more filled with urge to eliminate oppression and The Fight Against Imperialism
Excerpts from an interview printed in Malcolm X Talks to Young People given to Young Socialist Alliance leaders Jack Barnes and Barry Sheppard on 18 January 1965.
Malcolm X on Lumumba
By Malcolm X, 28 June and 28 November 1964. The first part was given at a rally of the Organization of Afro-American Unity (a movement he founded) held on June 28, 1964, at the Audubon Ballroom in New York. The second is from a radio broadcast on New York station WMCA on Nov. 28, 1964.
Malcolm X on Wealth of Africa
Excerpt from a speech given by Malcolm X at the University of Ghana, 13 May 1964. Speaks as a victim of Americanism. People speaking as Americans see America in terms of its ideal. Malcolm not an American, but a son returning to Africa.
Malcolm X on Racist Violence
By Malcolm X. Speech by Malcolm X at the London School of Economics, Feb. 11, 1965, to a meeting sponsored by the school's Africa Society. It is only being a Muslim which keeps me from seeing people by the color of their skin. This religion teaches brotherhood, but I have to be a realist—I live in America, a society which does not believe in brotherhood in any sense of the term. Brute force is used by white racists to suppress nonwhites. It is a racist society ruled by segregationists.