The retrospective history of the Republic of Qazaqstan (Kazakhstan)

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Khazar and Judaism
By Doron A. Tal, 30 November 1995. The Khazari Kingdom (7th–c.12th centuries) was multi-national and multi-religious, and derived income from taxing international trade.
Dialog on CenAsia list, April 1996. Debate over comparison of Russia's colonization of Kazakhstan and US colonization of Indian territory. Revealing of nationalist bias.
Bukeikhanov's biography
A dialog on CenAsia list, February 1996. References for Alikhan Nurmukhameduli Bukeikhanov (d. 1937), leader of the Kazakh National Alash Orda government.