The contemporary political history of Turmenistan

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Time to Tell the Truth—What Happened to the ‘Ashgabat Eight?’
Amnesty International, 11 July 1997. AI insists that the protestors of economic hardship arrested in 1995 were peaceful and should be considered political prisoners. Turkmenistan's poor human rights record.
Nazar Toylievich Soyunov: Fear of forcible repatriation
Amnesty International Urgent Action Bulletin, 28 November 1997. A former parliamentarian and government minister of Turkmenistan faces repatriation to Turkmenistan for corruption in office. He claims the charges are revenge for his interview with a US right-wing propaganda agency.
Political prisoners released while opposition leader still under house arrest
International Secretariat of Amnesty International, News Release, 21 April 1998. Released from detention are Durdymurad Khodzha-Mukhammed and two members of an oppositional group known as the Ashgabat Eight (convicted for an organized violent anti-government protest in Ashgabat on 12 June 1995), and their suspected association with Abdy Kuliyev, leader of the exile opposition, who was arrested at Ashgabat airport for trying to overthrow the government.
Turkmenistan Silences a Last Voice of Opposition; Rights group protests arrest of opposition figure
Human Rights Watch, 7 January 2000. Last month, Turkmen dissident Nurberdi Nurmamedov gave interviews to the US-based right-wing Radio Liberty's Turkmen Service. Nurmamedov helped to found the Turkmen opposition party Agzybirlik (Unity) in 1989. Human Rights watch also here seeks to discredit the government.
BBC Country Profiles, 11 June 2001. A map and a compendium of basic facts. Criticism of the arrest of Turkmen dissident Nurberdi Nurmamedov.