History of Kawthoolei (The Karen State)
History of Karen refugees in Thailand
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History of Kawthoolei (The Karen State)
- KNU claim SLORC inciting religious split in
- By Yindee Lertcharoenchok, in the Nation (Bangkok), 14
January, 1995. The Christian-led Karen National Union (KNU) is
largest ethnic guerilla group that refuses to negotiate with
Myanmar. It accuses the Myanmar State Law and Order Restoration
Council (SLORC) of sending Buddhist missionaries among the Karen
refugees to divide their opposition to Myanmar.
- KNU leader seized in Thailand by defectors
- The BurmaNet News, 13 February 1995. A key Karen guerrilla
leader of the KNU, Padoh Mahn Yin Sein, was kidnapped by Karen
Buddhist defectors who illegally crossed the Moei River into a
refugee camp in Thailand's Tha song Yang district of Tak.
- Thousands of refugees from Myanmar
- From Amnesty International. 12 March 1997. Thai government
change of policy to refuse asylum could cause great harm to
the Karen refugees.
- Hill tribes; plight of the long-neck Karens
- Twenty-one Karen villagers, arrested in November 1992, are acquitted
of murder, armed robbery and arson in connection with a series of
armed raids because of a lack of sufficient evidence.
From the Bangkok Post, 16 November 1997.
- Karen refugees flee to avoid forced relocation
- By Craig Skehan, Sydney Morning Herald, 9 March 1998.
Thousands of Karen refugees from Burma have fled from three camps
in north-western Thailand to avoid efforts to move them outside the
Salween National Park. Illegal logging of highly valuable teak
trees in the national park is one reason. Instead of accepting
resettlement, many disappeared into the dense forest, hoping
to join the Mae Hta camp on the Salween River.
- Raiders burn Karen refugee camp, leaving 9,000
- Associated Press, 11 March 1998. Marauders from Myanmar burnt the
Huay Ko Lo Karen refugee camp six kilometres inside Thailand. Refugees
said the marauders were members of the Democratic Karen Myanar Army _ a
splinter group of Karen allied with the Myanmar government, and Myanmar
- Attacks on refugee camps
- Amnesty International Urgent Action Bulletin, 23 March 1998.
AI suggests that the refugee camps housed civilians
[but they may have been guerillas from Manerplaw, rather
than civilians]. The camps are in Tak Province, northwestern Thailand.
AI says were attacked by the Democratic Buddhist Army (DKBA),
a breakaway ethnic Karen armed opposition group allied to
the Myanmar military.
- Statement on the seizure of the hospital in Ratchaburi,
Thailand, by Karen solders of God's Army
- An initial statement by the KNU (Karen National League), in BurmaNet
News 26 January 2000. Analysis of the factors behind the attack
on the hospital in Thailand by God's Army.
- Raid routs Burma's 12-year-old black-tongued twins
- By John Aglionby, Sydney Morning Herald, 26 January 2000.
God's Army, the Burmese rebels who attacked the hispital on the 25th were
motivated by a powerful cocktail of Christian militancy, decades of ethnic
persecution, and fanatical loyalty to their child commanders, Johnny
and Luther Htoo.
- Hospital seige puts Karens under Thai microscope
- From BurmaNet News, 27 January 2000. A series of terrorist
acts by Karen Christians will worsen the already poor treatment of
Karen refugees in Thailand.
- Thai Rescuers Executed Rebels, Witnesses Say;
'We shot faster' in firefight, official reports
- By Seth Mydans, New York Times Service, in International
Herald Tribune, 27 January 2000. Questions over how th
Thai government handed the hospital hostage situation. Article
reflects western distaste for summary judgement given to
- Hostage Thailand
- Editorial, Straits Times Interactive, 27 January 2000.
Confronted by Karen guerillas-turned-terrorists, Thailand had
no choice but to do what it did -- act tough. It was the second
time in three months that the Thais were held hostage by Myanmar
rebels fighting the Yangon government. Last October, five gunmen
who called themselves the Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors seized
the Myanmar embassy in Bangkok to protest against Yangon's treatment
of pro-democracy dissidents.
- Rebels weren't executed
- By Anucha Charoenpo, Bangkok Post, 28 January 2000.
More on the police handling of the hostage situation. The
account of the Thai police.
- God, What an army
- From BurmaNet, 29 January 2000. Concerning the raid on
the Ratchaburi hospital in Thailand by Christian fundamentalists
from Burma, on 25 January. This God's Army had split from the
KNU, which was adopting a concilitary stand toward the government
- Child soldiers born of conflict and isolation
- Craig Skehan, Sydney Morning Herald, 29 January 2000.
God's Army in the context of world abuse of children and use of
children in the military.
- God's Army
- By Gary Lane, Christian Broadcasting Network News, 8 March 2000. A
western Christian perspective, which can't excuse the taking of the
hospital, but seeks to shift any blame from Christian fundamentalist
ideology and Christian missionaries.
- Is the news media making too much of Karen twins,
Johnny and Luther?
- The Straits Times Interactive, 11 April 2000. Concerning Johnny and
Luther Htoo, the two Christian fundamentalist guerillas, and Luther's
interview with the New York Times. The West's obsession with
- God's Army short of food and losing support
- The Straits Times Interactive. 11 April 2000. God's Army
has split into three small groups, two of which are led by the
twins and the third by another 12-year-old.