World History Archives

Indonesian labor history

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 History of Indonesia in general
Republic of Indonesia to defend trade union policy at ILO meeting
From Jakarta Post, 5 April, 1995. Indonesia feels that the imposition of a western definition of freedom of association versus the officially sanctioned All Indonesian Workers Union (SPSI) will prove divisive for labor and politically disruptive [under semi-feudal conditions, diversity is subsumed under an ideal order dominated by the ruling class].
Petition on Indonesian worker rights to the U.S. trade representative
From Human Rights Watch/Asia. 14 June, 1995. Human Rights Watch/Asia petitions United States Trade Representative (USTR) to resume its review of labor practices in Indonesia. Recent labor history reviewed: the SPSI government union as sole organization above plant level; military intervention in labor disputes; forced labor; CB at plant level.
Direct questioning forbidden in Pakpahan subversion trial
From the Jakarta Post, 24 January, 1997. Muchtar Pakpahan is chair of the independent labor confederation, the Indonesian Prosperous Labor Union (SBSI), and is charged with making anti-government and anti-President Soehato statements 1995 and 1996.
Walking Ghosts Who Work in Satan's factory
Press release from Community Aid Abroad in Australia, 4 April, 1997. Re working conditions in Nike's Indonesian shoe factory.
Satan's factory: Nike attacked by researcher
By Gordon Feeney, in The Sydney Morning Herald, 4 April 1997. Re working conditions in Nike's Indonesian shoe factory.
Massive protest by Indonesian Nike workers turns violent
Agence France-Presse. 26 April, 1997. Low wages, nogotiation difficulties, and police repression. Rise in number of strikes in Indonesia since last year.
Despite beatings, prison: Young leaders revive Indonesian workers' movement
By Deirdre Griswold, in Workers World, 8 May, 1997. Mounting strikes and protests. Connections with People's Democratic Party (PRD) - the first working-class party since the coup of 1965. The opposition Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI) not directly involved, but members arrested for "defamation," etc.
Oppose New Indonesian Manpower Bill
From APEC Labour Rights Monitor (ALARM). 1 July, 1997. The Manpower Bill to be submitted June 16, 1997, would worsen the situation in Indonesia for labor and weaken it in the face of globalization. It reflects the recent anti-labor moves in South Korea and Australia to destroy collective rights and will contribute to decline in working conditions globally.
Anti-Union Repression in Indonesia
From ICFTU OnLine, 23 September, 1997. Arrests of trade unionists for striking or demonstrating continues. Re National Committee for the Fight for Democracy demo and Nike code.
SBSI Congress Disrupted by Police: International Observers Play a Role in Gaining Release of Those Arrested
By Tony P Wohlfarth, CAW Research Department. 26 September, 1997. on 19 September, the 2nd Congress of the SBSI, the Indonesian Prosperity Trade Union, the unofficial and independent union confederation in Indonesia, whose leader Muchtar Pakpahan, is emprisoned for "treason," was closed down by police.
Anti-worker Manpower Bill to become law on October 1, 1998
From AMRC. 13 October, 1997. The draft of the Manpower Bill was approved 11 September, 1997, despite protests and will go into effect 1 October, 1998. Here an effort to delay and reconsider. I.a., re split in the government's All Indonesian Workers Union (FSPSI) between leadership and rank-and-file over the Bill.

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