Poverty and unemployment in the People's Republic of China
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- Unemployment in China is worsening
- By Zhang Kai, October Review, 31 October
1995. Unemployment in China is worsening: annual addition
of labour in urban areas; surplus rural labor seeking urban
employment; redundant labor from state-owned factories
waiting for transfer. Large numbers of unemployed will exert
severe pressures on the social security system and will
cause social instability.
- On the Road to Capitalism, China Hits a Nasty
- By Erik Eckholm, The New York Times, 29
January 1998. China's industrial heartland, the
northeastern region where big-scale communist industry was
born of exuberant idealism in the 1950s, is now flailing for
life. Government is drastically pruning thousands of state
industries and laying workers off, especially in rust-belt
northeastern cities like Harbin and Shenyang.
- With the rich come the poor
- By Pushpa Adhikari, Inter Press Service, Asia
Times 26 May 1999. In the last decade, market
reforms have transformed China from a poor welfare state to
a major economic power. But the changes have cracked the
iron rice bowl, so while more and more are
able to reap the benefits of market reforms, many are also
realizing it is easier to fall into poverty.
- Mainland ‘has poverty
- Hong Kong iMail, 18 November 2000. While the
mainland has eradicated absolute poverty and now has the
lowest poverty rate in the developing world, it sets the
poverty line at a low level of simple
subsistence. Beijing's poverty-alleviation strategy only
applies to the rural population and so far there is no
cohesive programme aimed at urban areas.
- Growing income disparity ‘threatening
- South China Morning Post 12 March 2001. The
widening gap between rich and poor is threatening social
stability and economic development. Measures to prevent
income polarisation. Income gaps between urban and
rural areas, between different regions and between different
lines of business.
- Model Chinese Village Chief Turned
- By Tay Hwee Peng, The Straits Times 31 March
2001. As the income gap between countryside and city widens,
even more power-grabbing village chiefs will operate
villages like private companies. Personal empowerment and
self-enrichment a powerful new discourse of social and
economic justice for China's peasants.
- China has work cut out on jobs front
- Asia Times, 6 June 2002. The actual
unemployment rate reached between 5–6 percent, and
there are also 150 million surplus and idle laborers in
rural areas. During 1996–2000, with every percentage
point of economic growth, the number of employed people in
urban areas grew by about 520,000.