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From owner-seasia-l@list.msu.edu Sun Feb 16 03:00:06 2003
Date: Sat, 15 Feb 2003 20:49:45 -1000
Sender: Southeast Asia Discussion List <SEASIA-L@list.msu.edu>
From: Vincent K Pollard <pollard@HAWAII.EDU>
Subject: Re: anti-Americanism in South Korea since 1945
To: SEASIA-L@list.msu.edu

Documentation for reported killings of South Korean prostitutes by U.S. servicemen during the 1960s

By Vincent Kelly Pollard, 15 February 2002

A subscriber requested documentation for reported killings of South Korean prostitutes by U.S. servicemen during the 1960s.

According to Professor LEE Jae-Bong, one may find the sources in the bibliography to his doctoral dissertation.

My earlier SEASIA-L post on Lee’s recent UH-Manoa lecture on anti-Americanism in South Korea cited the title (Cultural Representation of Anti-Americanism: The Negative Images of the United States in South Korean Literature and Arts, 1945-1994) of Lee’s 1994 doctoral dissertation (political science) on anti-Americanism in South Korean art and literature at the University of Hawai’i at Manoa. That e-mail also listed the URL <http://wwwlib.umi.com/dissertations> to the ProQuest website where Lee’s dissertation <AAT 9519457> may be downloaded free to computers at universities that have paid the licensing fee.

At the same website, orders may be placed for a copy of Lee’s dissertation by those not affiliated with institutions subscribing to ProQuest services. http://wwwlib.umi.com/dissertations/fullcit/9519457 will take the user to an abstract of Lee’s dissertation.

Among documentary sources, two relevant books by Oh Yon-Ho were written in Korean, but their titles were romanized by Lee. Translated, the title of one of these works is _To Children in a Colony._ And the other title (translated) is _Don’t Make Us Sad Any More_. In addition, Lee independently researched and reported additional cases fresh for the dissertation.

More recently, an American researcher summarized a discussion of anti-Americanism, alluding to fifteen different types of anti-Americanism. But unlike Lee’s conceptualization, no typology was attempted.

More interestingly, participants in the same discussion were reported to acknowledge that one or another type of South Korean anti-Americanism is part and parcel of democratization since expressions of anti-Americanism risked severe punishment under the dictatorships. Hence, their argument went, greater freedom in South Korea has generated greater expression of previously suppressed anti-Americianism

A similar point was summarized by an Australian researcher who wrote as follows:

The democratization movement changed South Korean anti-Americanism. It removed anti-Americanism from the confines of Marxism-Leninism and radicalism and placed it in the realms of Korean nationalism and legitimate mainstream political discourse. Further, the post-democracy period has allowed a reinterpretation of Korean history and a re-evaluation of the Korean national identity. The reinterpretation and revaluation changed the understanding of anti-Americanism in the minds of both the elder and younger generation in today’s South Korea.

The source for that quotation is Jeffrey Robertson, Great new Leader in South Korea, _The Progress Report_; reprinted in _Foreign Policy in Focus_ <http://www.progress.org/2003/fpif30.htm>.

Vincent Kelly Pollard