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Date: Thu, 14 Sep 1995 07:59:53 -0400
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Subject: CPSU Congress Declaration
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From: the guardian <>
Subject: CPSU Congress Declaration

Declaration of the 30th Congress of the Union of Communist Parties—CPSU

Moscow, 2 July 1995. An unofficial translation

The following is an unofficial translation of the Declaration adopted by the 30th Congress of the Union of Communist Parties -- CPSU held on July 1-2nd, 1995 in Moscow.

Having heard and discussed the political report given by Comrade O. S. Shenin, the 30th Congress of the Union of Communist Parties - CPSU wishes to inform communists and citizens of the Soviet Union of its estimation of the present situation, the immediate and future perspectives and the tasks facing the communist movement.

The main result of recent years is not so much the overall failure of the so-called "market democratic reforms" throughout the Soviet Union but the final discrediting of the whole liberal* ideology which was the motive force of the bourgeois counter-revolution of the early '90s and the consequent attempts to change the socio-economic system over one-sixth of the globe. The peoples of our country have learned by their own experience what previous generations knew and felt before 1917.

Behind the liberal slogans about freedom of personality as a supreme value, inviolability of private property as an institution and division of society into masters and hired workers, the "free" competition of political forces, law abiding state, civil society, etc. are the selfish interests of a minority out of touch with the people.

For this minority the overwhelming majority of the people are just a source of enrichment, people who have no right to an education, health care or a full life. This minority governed by the liberal ideology cares naught about the people's span of life, the progressive continuity of generations and dignified old age. It does not matter for them the destiny of the national economy, science, culture and security. They are indifferent to the history and future of their country. This minority is prepared to shed blood to set one nation against another, to carry out any instructions of world capitalist centres for the sake of grabbing the wealth which had and is being created by workers, peasants and the working intelligentsia.

The peoples are being convinced about this nature of the liberal minority and will hardly believe their pathetic exclamations about the everlasting values of freedom and democracy.

When the failure of liberal ideology and practice is now clearly seen, the ruling minority presently in power is prepared to turn to more open dictatorial forms of rule.

For liberalism, even the bounds of those constitutions and laws which were established by it are becoming to limited. The extension of Presidential power has taken place in a number of Republics without elections. Still others issue new election laws or, where elections take place, they do not give the people any chance to the tendency to get away from elections altogether or to elect bodies which have no real power.

Some Republics repress those of a different mind -- first of all the communists.

The minority ruling regime understands its impending and inevitable departure from the historic arena and is impregnated with the psychology of the old saying: "After us -- the deluge!"

All the valuables are being taken out of the country. The profit is deposited in foreign banks. The doors are wide open to foreign goods with local production having perished or passed over to foreign and local criminal capital through the mechanism of impudent privatisation.

Monetarism plays the part of a theoretical cover for this criminal economic policy. According to its postulates, it does not matter whether the economy acts in the interests of the working people, the main thing is that the indicators of credit and the monetary system are "normal". So monetarism in the economy fulfills the same criminal role in relation to the country and its peoples as liberalism does in ideology and politics.

Those presently in power cannot and do not want to solve the inevitable problems of State, first of all, the question of State security.

NATO armed forces are moving closer to our borders. Military pressure and the territorial claims of neighbouring States have become everyday reality.

Military action takes place in the country, in Tadjikistan and Georgia. Armed conflicts are smouldering in Nagorny Karabakh and in the Dnestr region. Relationships between Russia and the Baltic countries are tense as well as those between Russia and the Ukraine. Not a single so-called independent State can secure its real sovereignty.

Servicemen and workers of law and order agencies know not for what they risk their lives.

This situation is radically different from the post-war security of the country when the USSR was surrounded by a belt of socialist countries and people in uniform knew what they were defending.

To keep power in their hands the ruling minority purposefully mislead people. Genuine cultural activity is dangerous for this minority. That is why it is replaced by mass culture. With the help of the TV and other media, Western methods of brain-washing are strenuously called upon. Primitive TV games, encouragement of the most vulgar pop stars and all kinds of models, advertisements and consumerism are far from the full components of the offensive mass culture and liberal ideology go hand-in-hand and must be rejected.

The collapse of liberal ideology and practice will inevitably lead to a resurrection of socialism in our country, to the re- creation of a unified State. The socialist unified State will be an alternative to the capitalist states of the West.

History and experience showed that the socialist organisation of life, which existed on one-sixth of the globe, was an alternative to the West. The peoples of this territory were developing progressively and securing the geo-political balance necessary for the world.

Socialist society will develop a managed people's economy not on the ideas of monetarism but on the basis of production indices, development of advanced post-industrial technology and the productivity of labour.

People should be in the centre of economic life and the level of living standards should correspond to the principle: "From each according to his ability, to each according to his labour." Equal opportunity for all will be practiced. Only under conditions of equality of labour effort will there be a full return for society and the individual.

As Marxist-Leninists we reject the notion of civic society which consists of so-called responsible citizens. This idea expresses a bourgeois relationship with the ruling minority.

In a society where the riches of a few are obtained at the expense, exploitation and robbery of the working people in return for a poverty-ridden existence and mass culture, there can be only exploiters and exploited, oppressors and oppressed, robbers and robbed, rich and poor, well-fed and hungry.

A future society will be self-governed. Political life will develop the best features of proletarian dictatorship with full power to the Soviets of working people. Management of State affairs becomes not only a guaranteed right but also the duty of all citizens.

The development of spiritual life will see a growth of humanistic culture revealing the development of personal abilities in every possible way.

The future unified state must be constructed on the principle: "Union of Peoples -- Federation of Territories".

Lenin's national policy proved the correctness of its world- historic mission and opened the way for the development of the peoples of the Russian empire and confirmed the possibility of their harmonious co-existence in a united state. army and the law enforcement bodies.

The way to such a society and state is not simple. The present rulers will undergo a period of agony. They will exceed inevitably the constitutional norms they have set themselves and will lose all legitimacy.

It cannot be excluded that in their last attempt to cling to power they will arrange the direct occupation of the country by forces from outside or will seek help from their allies -- social-democrats, nationalists and fascists.

We are sure that the experience of a number of countries in eastern Europe where left-centrist forces won but with very little change in conditions for the working people, the bloody aftermath of national separatism on the territory of the USSR, the experience of the Soviet people's struggle against fascism -- all this will warn the working people not to trust the social- reformists, the reactionary nationalists and fascists.

At the time of the current regime's lapse into a period of agony and turmoil, the opposition movement, the nucleus of which will inevitably be communist, must be ideologically and organisationally ready to exercise power.

It is necessary for the opposition to unite not only on the basis of non-acceptance of the existing regime but also on the common understanding of the problems the country needs to solve in the future.

Such unity can be reached with the people's patriotic forces, socialists, trade unions, veterans', womens', and youth organisations, small independent producers -- with all who are for the Soviet power of the working people, for a socialist way of development, for the renewal of the Union State on the basis of brotherhood and friendship of equal peoples.

To achieve this we consider most important the acknowledgment by the opposition forces of the need to quickly implement an accelerated mobilisation for the development of the country.

The fall of all vital indices is so steep that there will be hardly any objection to this view from those for whom our country is dear.

There is no doubt that the means for an accelerated development of the country will have to come from those who have shamelessly made fortunes at the expense of the people in the so-called privatisation.

The complete bankruptcy of the anti-popular regime, the unity of historical experience and way of life of the peoples of the Soviet Union, their inevitable joint future in a unified State, the growth of the working people's political activity, a strengthening of the Union of Communist Parties -- CPSU and the restoration of a united communist party in the course of the re- creation of a renovated Soviet Union. This is not an abstract but a solid conclusion dictated by reality.

Only the communists united in one party showed how the united state could be built and developed.

Only a united Communist Party can become the moving force for a re-created Union and the restoration of a dynamically developing socialist state.

With this in mind the Council of the Union of Communist Parties - CPSU actively participates in the activities of the Congress of the Peoples of the USSR.

The growth of communist influence among the working people is now so noticeable that ideological and organisational unity of all communists becomes the main task of the day.

Ideological unity must take place on the time-tested recognition of the basic truths of Marxism-Leninism expressing the objective laws of historical development during the period of capitalism.

The history of the last five years shows that where hired labour and capital exist their relationship does not change with time but takes on different forms.

As Lenin warned, revisionism in theory under the banner of renewal should be decisively halted.

Organisational unity must take place on the basis of democratic centralism with strict discipline to secure the militant nature of the Party.

Within this context, the Council of the UCP -- CPSU in the period after the 29th Congress of the CPSU, worked to unite the communist parties and movements into the Union of Communist Parties -- CPSU throughout the Soviet Union with the exception of Turkmenia.


1. To recognise the work of the Council of the UCP-CPSU on the implementation of the 29th Congress decisions as satisfactory.

2. To confirm the status of the UCP -- CPSU as a voluntary international association of communist parties active in the States of the USSR, adhering to a common program, rules and principles. The strengthening of the Union of Communist Parties - CPSU and the creation of united Republican parties and their increased activity are important political conditions for the recreation of the Soviet State and a united Communist Party.

Parties should undertake political work among the masses to form a people's movement, united by an understanding of the anti-popular nature of the existing regimes and the prospects for the development of the country.

To concentrate the scientific efforts of the communist movement to elaborate a concrete model of a socialist society and optimum ways of reaching it.

To develop the readiness of the communist parties for parliamentary and non-parliamentary forms of political struggle to meet adequately the activities of those in power.

4. Communist Parties should develop a mass movement for the re-creation of a united socialist state, to give all the necessary help to the People's Congress of the USSR leading an offensive struggle against any manifestation of national separatism and chauvinism.

5. To expose the predatory nature of privatisation. To demand a restitution of public, collective and private property taken from the people. To encourage the activity of local government bodies and work collectives in this matter.

6. Communist Parties in their propaganda work should expose the anti-national nature of the ruling regimes and contrast bourgeois democracy to Soviet people's power.

Communist fractions in legislatures should press for changes in constitutions and electoral laws with the aim of strengthening workers' influence in the bodies of State power.

7. To struggle against international wars and armed conflicts.

To convince hostile nations that only with a united socialist state where there is international solidarity of the working people can there be peace and friendship among the peoples.

Communist fractions in bodies of power should demand cancellation of the criminal BELOVEZH** agreements.

The Council of the UCP -- CPSU and party organisations at all levels should offer every assistance to the activities of the Permanent Presidium of the Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR.

8. To continue and strengthen the propaganda work and protection of the symbols of Soviet times and the image and heritage of V I Lenin. Congress demands that the State authorities stop scoffing at the labour and military traditions of the Soviet people and stop attempts to destroy monuments, museums and memorials associated with the life and activities of the leader of the world proletariat.

9. Communist Parties should activate the work among youth and organisations to be united in an all-Union Leninist Young Communist organisation; offer all support to communist youth organisations and, together with them, work out and conduct youth policy.

10. Organisations of the Communist Parties should popularise party documents and the interpretation of the goals and tasks of the communist movement among military servicemen and workers of local law and order bodies in the suburbs where they live.

11. Communist Party organisations should exert influence on local government bodies. They should explain the inevitability of the restoration of the united Soviet Socialist State, defend the social achievements of the working people, defend the interests of the veterans of labour and war, of students, unemployed and other socially disadvantaged sections of the population.

12. To stimulate the work of Party organisations and communists for the further unification of communist forces into single Republican Communist organisations.

Congress appeals to the leaderships of communist parties, communists of Russia and Moldova to hold united congresses or conferences.

13. Taking into consideration the prospect of a single communist party on the territory of the USSR, Congress deems it necessary to preserve the common party card system.

14. Congress considers it necessary to give all possible support to the newspapers "Pravda", "Soviet Russia" and "Glasnost", improving their financial position, extending their subscriptions and popularising them. This should become one of the most important tasks of all the parties, their territorial and branch organisations.

15. Congress expresses solidarity with those communists who are subjected to repression by the ruling anti-popular regimes.

Congress demands the immediate release of communist leaders of Latvia, Alfred Rubics, and Lithuania, Mikolas Burokiavichus, Iozas Ermolavichus and Ivan Kucherov.

Congress appeals to the working class, peasants and intellectuals to support the communists in their struggle against the anti- national regimes. Communists stand for a state policy in the interests of the majority of the people, and first of all, the working people.

Communists are for Soviet power, socialism and a Soviet Union which secures peace and well-being for every working family.

[...] and reactionary political forces responsible for monetarist economics, privatisation and robbery, and undemocratic, dictatorial political policies. In the Soviet Union it is the ideology of the capitalist counter-revolution.

*The BELOVEZH agreement (which was actually a conspiracy) was entered into in 1991 by the then Presidents of Russia (Yeltsin), the Ukraine (Kravchuk) and Belo-Russia (Sushkevich) to dismantle the USSR. Kravchuk and Sushkevich have been defeated in subsequent elections in their Republics.

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