History of Hawaii|
Date: Fri, 19 Dec 1997 19:00:00 -1000
From: Hawaii Nation Info <email@example.com>
Subject: On this day in history... Hawaii - U.S. Treaties
On this day in history... Hawaii - U.S. Treaties
19 December 1997
On December 23, 1826, and December 20, 1849, the United States government entered into formal treaties with the King of the Hawaiian Islands.
Other treaties were also entered into between these governments. No notice of termination of these treaties was ever made (eg. as in accordance with article XVI of the latter treaty) by either of the high contracting parties. These treaties are still legally binding, and all United States law imposed in Hawaii are inferior. The Kingdom of Hawaii has never ceased to exist.
Treaty between the United States of America and the King of the Sandwich (Hawaiian) Islands
Articles of arrangement signed at Honolulu and entered into force Dec. 23, l826
"The peace and friendship subsisting between the United States, and their Majesties, the Queen Regent, and Kauikeaouli, King of the Sandwich Islands, and their subjects and people, are hereby confirmed, and declared to be perpetual."
Full Text: http://www.hawaii-nation.org/treaty1826.html
Treaty between the United States of America and the King of the Hawaiian IslandsSigned at Washington December 20, 1849 (Entered into force August 24, 1850)
"There shall be perpetual peace and amity between the United States and the King of the Hawaiian Islands, his heirs and his successors."Full Text: http://www.hawaii-nation.org/treaty1849.html
Excerpts from U.S. Public Law 103-150 (Nov. 23, 1993)
Full Text: http://www.hawaii-nation.org/publawall.html
Professor of International Law Francis Anthony Boyle (Dec. 28, 1993):"...there were ... treaties on point, in law, with the United States government that were violated by means of the invasion. This violated international law at the time, the basic principle - pacta sunt servanda - treaties must be obeyed. It even violated the terms of the United States Constitution at that time. Treaties were the "supreme law of the land," and the invasion and annexation of Hawai'i in violation of those treaties not only violated international law, but the United States Constitution itself."
Full Text: http://www.hawaii-nation.org/boyleall.html
Hawai`i - Independent f Sovereign
"The cause of Hawaii and independence is larger and dearer than the life of any man connected with it. Love of country is deep- seated in the breast of every Hawaiian, whatever his station."
- Queen Lili`uokalani