World History Archives

History of the Hawaiian Islands

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Retrospective history

On this day in history... Hawaii - U.S. Treaties
Resources for the treaties of 1826 and 1849.
President Grover Cleveland's message to Congress
18 December 1893. The US president reports on the Hawaiian situation.
Re-enactment of 1894 'takeover' booed. Replay vital to Hawaiians, Burgess tells palace crowd
By Walter Wright, Honolulu Advertiser, 5 July, 1995.
100 Years Ago Today. . . Mass Anti-Annexation Rally in Hawai`i
7 September 1897. In the spring of 1897, President McKinley agreed on annexation treaty with the foreign/white oligarchy, and so in response patriotic organizations organized rallies and a petition drive.
A monarchy in limbo
Hawaii's royalty, overthrown illegally, may try for a comeback. By Ian Mulgrew, in The Vancouver Sun. Royal line ended with Lydia Lili`uokalani (d. 1917). Issue of monarchic restoration.
August 18 is commemorated as "Admissions Day" in Hawaii, but...
Is Hawaii a Really State of the Union? On 18 August 1959, Hawaii was admitted to the Union, but the legality of that act remains open to question.

The struggle for independence

United States Public Law 103-150. 103rd Congress Joint Resolution 19
23 November, 1993. U.S. apologizes for overthrow of Hawai`ian government.
Restoration of the Independent Nation State of Hawai`i under International Law
A talk by Professor Francis Anthony Boyle, 28 December, 1993. Re. the US Joint Resolution.
Interpretation of U.S. Public Law 103-150 under International Law and its Implications for the Restoration of the Independent and Sovereign Nation State of Hawai`i
By Professor Francis Anthony Boyle. 28 December, 1993.
Proclamation of the Restoration of the Independence of the Sovereign Nation State of Hawai`i
January 16, 1994, `Iolani Palace, Honolulu, O`ahu, Hawai`i
Hawai`i Constitution
16 January, 1995
A company uses Hawaiian Kingdom law to challenge property ownership
By Rob Perez. Honolulu Star Bulletin, 8 January, 1997. Treason against the monarchy puts land titles in doubt.
Greetings from independent Hawaii
By James Podgers. American Bar Association Journal, June, 1997. A legal assessment of the independence movement.

Hawaiian social history

Hawaiian youth leader: 'Respect the people and the land'
Interview with Monica Moorehead, Workers World, 20 March 1997.
Hawaiians get census category
The next census will list native Hawaiians alone, apart from Asians. By Pat Omandam, in Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 29 October 1997.

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