From LABOR-L@YORKU.CA Thu Oct 12 05:55:24 2000
Date: Wed, 11 Oct 2000 19:09:22 -0400
Reply-To: Forum on Labor in the Global Economy <LABOR-L@YORKU.CA>
Sender: Forum on Labor in the Global Economy <LABOR-L@YORKU.CA>
From: Jim Jaszewski <grok@SPRINT.CA>
Subject: Naomi Klein's New New Left
After spending 24 hours trailing thousands of protesters, scores of
journalists and hundreds of riot gear-clad cops through the hot
streets of L.A., Naomi Klein was not as upbeat as she would like to
There is a danger here of launching into laundry list
activism, she said, taking a breather in a makeshift cafeteria
full of lefties.
It's called a coalition, but it's really
everything in the kitchen sink.
Klein, a Canadian journalist and activist, had come to Los Angeles to join the protests surrounding the Democratic National Convention. And like many on the street she is convinced that a new radicalism is underway. Yet Klein's enthusiasm is muted by a sharp critical edge; she is not so certain that this movement of protests isn't just running in place.
Ever since Seattle, the American Left surprised itself by being
alive, she said.
And now this weird psychology has set in where
the Left is so afraid of losing the momentum of Seattle that they have
to keep organizing the next Seattle or the whole thing will
Klein wishes the demonstrations had been more organized or, even
better, focused on corporate power, which is also the subject of her
book No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies.
Corporate greed is
what connects The Gap and campaign finance reform, she
It's where the connections to all these diverse
groupsthe sweatshop activists, the environmentalists, the drug
war protesterscan be found.
A student of progressive movements, Klein warned that it is
very dangerous for activists to be sloppy right now, since
corporations and institutions like the World Trade Organization are
obfuscation to the point
where they can successfully undercut their critics.
Everything's being repackaged, Klein said.
Bank is being repackaged as an AIDS elimination program; the WTO is
being repackaged as an anti-poverty organization. This means, she
insisted, that there is a burden on the Left to sharpen its analysis
and not just fall back on old rhetoric.
Otherwise, we'll even
lose our language.
Klein, at 30, is an expert in the use and abuse of language and the
power of symbols. Her book No Logo has been described by the Village
one of the anticorporate movement's best hopes
yet. And even the New York Timeshardly on the cutting edge of
activismhas called it
a movement bible. In it, Klein
makes the argument that since the 1980's companies have shifted
from being less about products and more about ideas. The Gap sells
cool minimalism. Starbucks sells community. And most of what they sell
is made abroad.
Among Klein's main points is that brand-centered corporations have created a new Organization Man, except this time he is a part-timer who by day pumps out Starbucks cappuccinos to the rhythm of the Gypsy Kings and by night cruises the mall or plugs into MTV. And just like William Whyte's Organization Man of a generation ago, Klein's Starbucks barrista is a person on the brink: stunted by a system, which in its current form is not excessively conformist or homogenizing but craftily accommodating of cultural and social difference. In Klein's scenario, corporations today not only give many employees miserable wages without health insurance, they coopt whatever dissent could be used against themthrough hip multimillion dollar advertising campaigns. Tommy Hilfiger's use of black street culture to sell sweatshop clothing is one of her favorite examples.
Klein is certainly on to something. Like Thomas Frank, editor of the
anticorporate cultural journal The Baffler, she is adamant that
corporate branding and advertising have put her generation into a
mesmerizing cultural and political stranglehold. But unlike Frank, she
believes this is not a permanent or inevitable condition. In the
introduction to No Logo, she explains,
This book is hinged on a
simple hypothesis: that as more people discover the brand-name secrets
of the global logo web, their outrage will fuel the next big political
movement, a vast wave of opposition squarely targeting transnational
corporations, particularly those with very high name-brand
Klein, a brisk writer with a biting sense of humor, calls the CEOs of
companies like Nike and Tommy Hilfiger
the new rock
full-time professional teenagers who are
forever trailing the scent of cool. Though they may no longer
have civil rights or free love on their minds, she argues they have
taken the lessons of the media-savvy 1960's counterculture and
applied them to branding their product. Benneton sells itself through
ethnic diversity; the Body Shop through environmental correctness, and
in doing so quashes political progressivism through marketing.
Klein is also particularly astute in connecting the consequences of
corporations' cost-cutting decisionswhich include the
movement of production to third world sweatshops and temp
laborto the potential for the movement she advocates. Yet she is
wary of how this strategy could backfire.
There is no doubt that
anticorporate activism walks a precarious line between self-satisfied
consumer rights and political action, she warns. Instead she
argues that the real hope for a movement against global corporations
lies not in consumer activism but in organizing workers and government
regulation of corporate behavior.
Unfortunately, though, she (as well as the majority of protesters) provides no analysis of how this government regulation would be greeted by leaders in the third world, many of whom see the movement of factories and paying jobs, however low-waged, to their countries as the only pragmatic scenario for development.
Whether the anticorporate movement Klein champions finds bigger wings,
what is certain is that she is proving herself a leader among a new
breed of North American Lefties. Perhaps not surprisingly, Klein is a
third generation rabble-rouser. One of her grandfathers, a Marxist,
was fired by Walt Disney for trying to unionize the animators of
Fantasia. In the late 1960's her parents left their home in
the United States to protest the Vietnam War. Klein explains that as a
teenager in Montreal, she rebelled against her socialist parents by
mall rat, working after school in a chain clothing
store. But those days of vapid rebellion did not last long. In college
at the University of Toronto, she became, as she puts it,
P.C., editing the campus newspaper fueled by the fire of identity
politics. Klein says now, though, that the some of the victories of
identity politics were empty because media representation did not
translate into political power.
We were clamoring for better media representation and we got
it, she said.
But it was kind of a hollow victory, although
certainly it's better to have sitcoms that represent lots of
different groups than not. Still, it's hardly revolutionary.
Since Seattle, Klein has been hot on the trail of the protest
movement. Although she is critical of its trajectory, she is thrilled
a tremendous fascination with activism has emerged, which
she said is due to the fact that
activism has become about actual
Activism had become so ritualized, Klein continued.
know, you march to some office or government building somewhere
that's locked. It's Sunday. You yell at it. And then you turn
around and go home. Klein understands why that kind of activism
has been greeted by a tremendous amount of cynicism by the
The attitude was: you've seen one protest, you've
seen them all.
But Klein is not an apologizer for the press. Nor does she apologize
for whatever violence has occurred at the demonstrations.
to be a type of activism that can accommodate the rage of people being
abandoned by the system, she explained.
As far as the Democratic National Convention is concerned, she said
people had a perfect right to be furious. At a panel on commercial
culture organized by Arianna Huffington, Klein made the kind of
salient point that has become her trademark.
This convention will
be remembered as the one where the marriage between money and politics
was fully made, she said to an audience overcome with applause.
Whether or not the Left will be able to cause a long-due divorce between money and politics is unclear to Klein. She asserts that the 1960's protest movement, though instructive, is not necessarily the best model to follow. Rather she advocates looking back another three decades to the broad-based economic movements of the 1930'swhen there was a loose coalition of labor, consumer groups, farmers, sweatshop workers and women's organizations working to change economic and social policy.
We should not be talking about the '50s and '60s, but the
'30s, except with a twist, says Klein.
This is not activism
in the shadow of economic collapse; it's activism in the shadow of
economic boom, which I think is just as energizing.
But energizing for whom is the question that rankles Klein and her anticorporate collegues in arms. Can a movement with no center, a movement that is insistently non-hierarchical, a movement that looks from a distance very much like laundry-list activism, pull in enough people to effect change? And since activists in this movement of movements are not self-described socialists, as was often the case in the '30s, how can they make a case that they are offering an alternative political ideology? Maybe they cannot. Maybe all they can do is advocate for a softer, gentler form of corporate capitalism.
Klein's argument that capitalism with a human face begins with a world-wide discovery of the destructive tactics of corporate branding will certainly pull in college-educated North Americans like herself. After all, as she points out, the culture of corporate advertising is what they all have in common. Almost everyone can deconstruct an Apple ad splashed with a photo of Ghandi or John Lennon. But whether it is truly politicizing will depend very much on which way the economy goes. It may also depend on whether the next president of the United States is Al Gore, whoat least according to his acceptance speechis not so far from the protesters' views on healthcare, educational reform, campaign finance and corporate power.
What is clear amidst all these unknowns is that Naomi Klein is helping to define the issues and activism of the New New Left. She joins a growing body of North Americans and Europeans who are outraged that corporate greed is sounding the death knell to democratic politics.