The retrospective history of
the Republic of South Africa

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A dialog on Xhosa cattle-killing, "mfecane" and history
From Africa-L. March, 1995.
Genders and Generations Apart: Labor Tenants, Law, Domestic Struggle in Natal, South Africa, 1918-1944
May, 1995, dissertation abstract by Thomas V. McClendon.

The history of Apartheid in South Africa

ANC Statement on Anniversary of Death of Steve Biko
The African National Congress on 13 September 1995 marked the 18th anniversary of Steve Biko's death in detention in 1977. It calls on the Apartheid leaders to account for the destruction which they have caused.
New evidence: apartheid terror ordered from the top
 By Norm Dixon, Green Left Weekly, 29 June, 1996. "Third Force" terror campaigns and links with Inkatha, RENAMO contras in Mozambique, Lesotho National Liberation Army, and UNITA in Angola.
Hit squad commander names former South African presidents in crimes
 By Greg Rosenberg, in the Militant, 9 October 1996. Col. Eugene de Kock, commander of Vlakplaas police death squad, names former South African presidents P.W. Botha and F.W. de Klerk as having approved "hits" against apartheid's opponents.
S.African Truth Commission Exposes Apartheid Rulers
 By Greg Rosenberg, from the Militant, November 11, 1996. In Oct 21 testimony before Truth and Reconciliation Commission, former commissioner of the apartheid police force implicates former South African president Pieter W. Botha and other Cabinet officials in two of the most high-profile acts of terror committed by the white regime in the 1980s.
Torturer's Testimony Gives South Africa a New Lesson in the Banality of Evil
 By Susanne Daley, in The New York Times, 9 November 1997.
Former Apartheid Top Faces Charges
 By T. J. Figueroa, in the Militant, 9 February 1998. P.W. Botha, president and top racist of apartheid South Africa in the 1980s, appeared in court January 23 on charges of ignoring a subpoena to appear before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
Policemen tell of killings
 From Terence Sibiya, SAPA, 17 November 1998. Guns fitted with silencers were used by the Security Branch to kill two African National Congress activists in Durban in 1988, the truth commission heard yesterday.
Hearing Portrays Struggle in Durban in Late 80s
 By Mbongeni Hlophe, Africa News Service, 19 November 1998. Police informants and Vlakplaas played a vital role in the abduction and assassination of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) cadres believed to be responsible for several bombs that went off in greater Durban in the 1980s.
Talking to Vula: Part 3 - Vula Starts
The story of the secret underground communications network of Operation Vula. By Tim Jenkin, in Mayibuye, July 1995. In the early months of 1988 Mac Maharaj and 'Ghebuza' (Siphiwe Nyanda) entered South Africa as secret agents, known only to President Oliver Tambo and a few others involved in the preparations for Vula.
More Dirty Tricks Revealed
In Mayibuye, July 1995.Former Stratcom operative Paul Erasmus reveals how Stratcom - the State Security Council arm which specialised in intelligence gathering and dirty tricks - had used such activities to strengthen the NP in negotiations and diminish the ANC's capacity to win a non-racial election.
ANC Statement on the 2nd Anniversary of the death of Chris Hani
Commemoration of death of Chris Hani on 10 April, 1993.
The story of the secret underground communications network of Operation Vula
Part 6: Vula Winds Up. By Tim Jenkin, in Mayibuye, Journal of the African National Congress, The highpoint and end of the ANC operation in 1990-1991.