Date: Sun, 23 Nov 97 15:25:51 CST
From: Michael Eisenscher <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: W. Hemisphere Workers' Conf. Final Declaration
Western Hemisphere Conference against NAFTA and Privatizations, 16 November 1997
To workers, organized and unorganized, to the organizations of the working class, and to the peoples of the Americas and the world, we address this declaration.
We are leaders and activists in trade unions and other worker organizations from throughout the Western hemisphere. Together, our organizations represent tens of millions of working people. We have gathered in San Francisco, California (United States), on November 14, 15, and 16, to give testimony to the deleterious effects the transnational corporate agenda has had on working people throughout the hemisphere and to improve our capacity for mutual support and solidarity in our responses to this assault upon living and working conditions and democratic rights.
To our sisters and brothers in the labor movement of the United States, we extend our congratulations and heartfelt appreciation for their successful effort in turning back the Clinton Administration's most recent attempt to restore "fast-track" trade agreement negotiation authority, and to extend NAFTA from Tierra del Fuego to the Arctic Circle in the form of the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA).
Together, we have heard the reports of delegations from throughout the hemisphere, telling of the miserable consequences of NAFTA, Mercosur, and the other free trade agreements which have been forced upon the people of the Americas by the transnational corporations, aided and abetted by the governments and international financial institutions in their service. We have listened to the testimony of unionists and activists from countries throughout the Americas, who have told how capital's global agenda has wreaked havoc through deregulation, privatization, and destruction of public services, degradation of the environment, attacks on collective bargaining, working conditions, and labor codes, and a frontal assault on the right of working people to be represented by trade unions independent of governments and the employers. We have explored the ramifications of the pending Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI).
In mounting this assault, multinational capital seeks to undermine not only the capacity of workers to defend themselves, but also the democratic rights of our peoples and the very sovereignty of the laws and institutions established over decades of struggle. In the name of "free trade," our freedoms and rights are being systematically subverted.
What is the balance sheet of these free trade agreements and the concomitant privatization and deregulation forced upon the countries of the hemisphere by the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund through its structural adjustment plans, and by the United States itself? The details are many; together, they paint a picture of growing misery and increasing social and economic inequality for the mass of working people, peasants, and the poor of our countries.
From each country represented at our conference, we heard examples.
In Canada, the universal healthcare system is being destroyed in an attempt to impose privatization. Production is being moved to lower-wage countries, as in the case of the Bauer Skate Company in Ontario -- bought by the multinational Nike Corp., operated in Canada for six months, and then moved to Malaysia, along with 500 factory jobs.
In Chile, a wholesale destruction of the public sector has been underway for some time. Already, the Chilean people have had their pension system robbed by capital, and the average workweek in the country has become one of the longest in the hemisphere, extending to weekends and holidays.
In Brazil, the drive to reduce labor costs -- which, the bosses, insist, is the only way to make the country competitive in the global market -- pits worker against worker and union against union. When Mercedes-Benz sought to enlarge its operations in the city of Campinas, the company demanded a no-strike pledge from the union. Faced with the union's refusal to accept this blackmail, Mercedes-Benz relocated its factory to another city. Meanwhile, both GM and Ford continue to receive millions of dollars in subsidies from the federal government and the state government of Rio Grande do Sul, money that was redirected away from public services.
In Mexico, the privatization of pension funds, of the petrochemical industry and railroads, and public education, call into question national sovereignty and the historic conquests of the Mexican people. Privatizations are accompanied by the militarization of the country and bring about unprecedented levels of unemployment and misery. And along the U.S. border, the deregulated maquiladora sector continues to expand.
In Ecuador, the government's attempt to privatize the electricity sector has led to a workers' occupation of the Paute Power Works, which began in early September. This privatization effort, though, is not limited to electricity. The oil industry, telecommunications, social security and healthcare, ports and docks, public education, and even drinking water and irrigation are all coming under attack.
In Haiti, the policies designed to dismantle the public enterprises and services, which is carried out by the CMEP (Council for the Modernization of the Public Enterprises) at the behest of the World Bank, came to the end of its first phase with the liquidation of Haiti Cement last August. Among the consequences have been the growing foreign debt, which has increased from 4 to more than 14 billion gourdes; the quickly decling number of jobs in all sectors of the economy; rice imports which now exceed $1 billion, whereas in 1984 the country was essentially self-sufficent; and, to top it all off, 70% of the new state budget--for the past three years--is financed by international aid. Haiti has no real national budget.
Peru has seen the savage application of the policies of the multinational corporations and the international institutions that serve their interests. Wholesale privatization of state-owned industries and public services continues unabated. In the healthcare sector, those who can pay the most receive the best care, while the poor masses find their access to healthcare sharply reduced. Education and social security are the latest targets of the privatization assault. Jobs are disappearing, and recent legislative decrees have made it possible for corporations to lay off workers for virtually any reason. Those jobs that remain are more and more precarious.
These are but a few of the examples we heard in testimony from participants from throughout the Americas.
In the United States, the results of NAFTA are clear despite the vain attempts of the Clinton Administration to cover up the facts. At least 400,000 -- and perhaps as many as 600,000 jobs -- have been lost as a direct result of NAFTA. Employers continue to threaten plant closures and production shifts to Mexico in the drive to lower the wages of all U.S. workers and hamper union organizing attempts. In their drive for maximum profits, global corporations pit working people, our communities, and entire nations against one another in a downward spiral of take-backs, concessions, and direct assaults--what has come to be known appropriately as the "race to the bottom." They continue their disastrous practices of racial discrimination and segregation against people of color.
In country after country, the workers and people have begun to rise in struggle against these attacks.
This conference is an important step forward in the fight against the employers and the international financial institutions and governments in their service. To this wholesale assault upon the working and poor people of the hemisphere, there can be but one response -- greater cooperation, unity, and solidarity amoung us. In the face of global capitalism, we are determined to build and strengthen global unionism. We have gathered together despite our different points of views, our different political origins, and our different traditions. We are united by our common adversary to make a united stand in defense of the rights, working conditions, and living standards of our peoples.
We have succeeded in drawing common conclusions. NAFTA and the other free trade agreements, along with structural adjustment:
Through NAFTA and the other free trade agreements, employers and governments seek to undermine the independence of trade unions that stand for the defense of working people and our interests. The strategy of transnational capital is to cripple or remove all institutions that provide working people the capacity to resist the insatiable drive for ever greater profits.
In summary, NAFTA, MAI, and the other free trade agreements, along with structural adjustment, are an affront to democracy, to the rights of workers, to the rights of people to determine their own destiny. They overrule ILO Conventions and UN human rights treaties.
What can be done? We represent an immense force, one with the capacity to wage a vigorous fight against these attacks we have described. We have discussed and debated, and we now call upon workers, activists, and labor and other peoples' organizations throughout the hemisphere and the world--particularly the organizations of women, the doubly and triply oppressed--to expand and strengthen our communication, cooperation, and capacity for common action.
We propose a common day of action against the extension of NAFTA, against the continued privatization and destruction of our public services, and against the continued attacks on our rights and gains. We aim to hold this common day of action in April 1998, on the day when the heads of state from throughout the Americas will convene in Chile to discuss the creation of the FTAA.
We constitute this Conference as a Continuations Committee, under the direction of the convenors, to implement this decision. Ours is a call for justice and democracy, for workers and peoples rights, for the rights of women, youth, children, and all the oppressed, for a militant campaign to stem the tide of these vicious assaults against our unions, our jobs, our standards of living, our rights, and all the gains we have won in struggle. In the face of global capital, we seek to build global unionism. Join us in building actions in every country of North America, Central America, Latin America, and the Caribbean.
No to NAFTA!
No to FTAA!
No to MAI!
Stop privatizations and deregulation!
(396 unionists and activists from 20 countries participated in the= conference)