The retrospective history of
Boriken (Native Puerto Rico)
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- One Tin Soldier
- Introduction by Cacike Pedro Torres, 9 June 2002. An
old song that expresses what happened to the Taino
People at the hands of the Spaniards when they sent
Juan Ponce de Lion to Conquer our tribal homelands
back in the 15th century.
- History of Puerto Rico Tainos de Boriken
- Translation of an extract from La
Colonizacion De Puerto Rico, by Doņa Loida Figueroa.
Puerto Rico unique in the Spanish New World for recognizing
the right of the natives to liberty and human treatment,
even before Las Casas. History of their status from
the 16th century. To fix ethnic origins for the census
of 1777 and 1778, all non-whites lumped together under
the title of free colored people (pardos).
- The mestzo prople from Guanica, Borkiken aka
Guanica, Puerto Rico, are taken by force to Hawaii in the
- From William R. Cumpano, 24 August 1997. Excerpts from
the taped interview on the history of the Puerto Rican
Diaspora in Hawaii. Puerto Rico became a convenient place
to look for labor, and the Hawaiian Sugar Planters
Association had contacts in Puerto Rico, labor brokers.
Forced emigration divided families.
- Taino Documentation Project
- Note from Cacike Pedro Guanikeyu Torres, 26 September
1995. Concerning the Taino Congress held on Boriken on
November 18 1993, to reestablished the existence of a
Taino Indigenous Nation.