The social history of the Taino
of Boriken (Native Puerto Rico)
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- UPR study finds high Taino DNA rate: Tests
contradict theory of extinction of P.R. natives
- By Melba Ferrer, San Juan Star,
18 April 18 1999. DNA studies at the University of Puerto
Rico indicate that Taino mitochondrial DNA is more prevalent
than previously believed. Among random choen volunteers, a
53% came up with Indo American mitochondrial DNA. The indigenous
genetic inheritance in P.R. could be higher than that from
Caucasian and Negroid.
- The Taino Term
Jibaro and its Meaning
- By Cacike Pedro Guanikeyu Torres, 16 January 2000. In Boriken
(Puerto Rico) the term Jibaro also is directly relates to the
Taino mestizo Indian of the hill country better known as El
Campesino or the humble country folk (brief).
- An Interview On the Taino DNA testing in Puerto
- Of Juan Carlos Martinez, Profiles,
15 August 2000. Professor of Genetics, Juan Carlos Martínez
Cruzado is interviewd about his DNA research project to
determine the continental origin of the mtDNA of Puerto Ricans.
Surprising resutls. High incidence among the university
students and--who were considered
by the census of 1777 and 1787.
- US Government Census 2000 And The Taino Indians
of Puerto Rico
- Jatibonicu Press release, 8 April 2001. We feel that the low
count of Taino for the census may have been due to a
misunderstanding to chose the American Indian race category.
This was due to misinformation and the confusion of the term
American Indian as it related to the American Indians
of the United States.