The history of the Guarani

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Indians fight for the land invaded by Aracruz Celulose
Comission for Articulation and Organization of the Tupinikim and Guarani Indians in Espirito Santo State, Brasil, 27 May 1996. Since 1975, the Tupinikim and Guarani Indians of Aracruz, Espirito Santo State, have fought for their traditional lands given back by the Portuguese Crown and subsequently guaranteed in writing. Nowadays, curtailed on their rights, the Indians face misery, the economic power of big companies and omission of the government. For survival, they fight for the expansion of the area under their jurisdiction, presently occupied by the market pulp company Aracruz Celulose S/A.
Guarani-Katow community evicted
From CIMI/MS, & CAPOI, Amanaka'a Amazon Network, 10 January 1997. The Guarani-Kaiow community of Sucuriy, whose land was officially demarcated in 1996, was evicted on December 23—two days after they had returned to their area after having previously been forced off. Rancher Sebastino Alves Marcondes, who claims the land as his own, led an armed group including the mayor of Maracaj=99, government officials, and other ranchers, who evicted the community of 53 people.
Guarani-Kaiwa threatened (Brazil)
From South and Meso American Indian Rights Center (SAIIC), 13 January 1997. Incoming ranchers treatening to kill the Guarani.
Accord Gives Hope: Guarani Kaiowa of Sucuri'y
Maracaju, MS, from CIMI-MS, 19 August 1997. The community of Sucuriy has been granted a part of their land in a provisional agreement accorded by a judge in Campo Grande.
Reasons for suicide amongst the Guarani-Kaiowa analyzed
SEJUP (Servico Brasileiro de Justica e Paz), News from Brazil, 15 January 1998. The lack of land and the extremely poor life conditions are the principal causes for suicide amongst the Kaiowa and Nandeva subgroups of the Guarani Indians in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul according to a book published by the Indigenous Missionary Council (CIMI).
Anti-Indigenous agreement seals comitment of the government with Aracruz Cellulose S/A
Cimi, Brazilia-DF, 20 April 1998. On the 18th of March 1998 the Brazilian Government unleashed a military operation to put an end to the struggle of the Tupinikim and Guarani Indians for the demarcation of their lands and to oblige them to accept the impositions of the multinational Aracruz Celulose.
Guarani retake ancestral land
SEJUP (Servico Brasileiro de Justica e Paz), News from Brazil, 8 September 2000. A group of 200 Guarani have retaken ancestral land located in the state of Santa Catarina. Their land was taken over in the 1920's by a real estate company named Colonizadora Sul Brasil. The Guarani make up the biggest group of indigenous people in Brazil with a population of 30,000.
Court sets deadline for the Guarani of Araca'i
Cimi, 14 September 2000. A federal judge sets a deadline of 20 days for Funai to find a peaceful solution for the situation of Guarani families that, on July 10, reoccupied 49 hectares of the Guarani area that were invaded by a farmer in Saudades, western part of the state of Santa Catarina. The Guarani want an area called Araša'Ý, where indigenous cemeteries are located, to be demarcated.