Frederick Douglass (1818–1895)

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Independence Day Speech at Rochester (excerpts)
By Frederick Douglass, 1841.
‘What, to the American slave, is your fourth of July?’ (excerpt)
A speech by Frederick Douglass, July 1852.
Quote of the Day: Frederick Douglass on Struggle
By Frederick Douglass, 1857.
The spirits of Xmas: Mind Enslavement found in a bottle
By Frederick Douglass, Muhammad Speaks, 31 December 1971. When the slave was drunk, the slaveholder had no fear that he would plan an insurrection, or that he would escape to the North. It was the sober, thoughtful slave who was dangerous and needed the vigilance of his master to keep him a slave.

Secondary studies