The Tulsa Massacre (31 May 1921)

Hartford Web Publishing is not the author of the documents in World History Archives and does not presume to validate their accuracy or authenticity nor to release their copyright.

Mass graves hold the secrets of American race massacre
James Langton, Electronic Telegraph, 29 March 1999. Searching for the graves of up to 400 black Americans in an attempt to end the 78-year cover-up of one of the worst acts of mass slaughter in the country's history.
U.S. ethnic cleansing: The 1921 Tulsa Massacre
By Monica Moorehead, Workers World, 10 June 1999. The U.S. government has never cared about the plight of any oppressed grouping. Its policy is to pit one oppressed group against the other to secure its brutal class rule. Example in Tulsa, Okla., in 1921. Investigations begun in 1997 concluded that this riot could more appropriately be described as a massacre. Mass graves of at least 300 Black victims of racist violence have been uncovered.
Seventy-eight years later, Tulsa re-examines deadly race riot
By Rick Montgomery, Kansas City Star, 7 September 1999. In 1921, when 35 blocks of a black district were burned in what may have been America's worst white race riot, the death toll may have approached 300.
Commission Probes Riot After 78 Years
Associated Press, 9 August 1999. Nearly 80 years after white mobs torched Tulsa's black business district, witnesses and survivors get the chance to share their stories with the Tulsa Race Riot Commission for the first time.
Witness To Disaster
By Scott Richardson, Bloomington Pantagraph, 11 February 2001. The recollections of Julia Duff.
The Tulsa Race Riot and Domestic Terrorism
By Kimberly Ellis, 17 May 2001. If body count, property destruction and the generational affect on human life is the measure, then the worst act of domestic terrorism in peacetime America was the Tulsa, Oklahoma massacre of mostly African Americans in 1921.
Black Wallstreet: Riot Destroys America's Most Affluent Black Community
By Michelle N. Jackson, [28 February 2003]. Black Wallstreet, a thriving 36-block black business district in Tulsa, Oklahoma, housed over 600 black owned and operated businesses at the turn of the century. Black Tulsa continued to thrive until the night of May 31st. That night, airplanes distributing nitroglycerin bombed the affluent community, and an angry white mob began the destruction of Little Africa.