Date: Thu, 26 Nov 1998 10:34:01 -0600 (CST)
From: email@example.com (Rich Winkel)
Subject: SINGAPORE: Mail Brides in Cyberspace
/** headlines: 195.0 **/
** Topic: SINGAPORE: Mail Brides in Cyberspace **
** Written 7:01 PM Nov 25, 1998 by mmason in cdp:headlines **
/* Written 3:06 PM Nov 20, 1998 by firstname.lastname@example.org in ips.english */
[/* ---------- "THEATRE-SINGAPORE: Mail Brides in C" ---------- */
Copyright 1998 InterPress Service, all rights reserved.
Worldwide distribution via the APC networks.
Mail Brides in Cyberspace
By Kalinga Seneviratne, IPS
17 November 1998
SINGAPORE, Nov 21 (IPS) - Commerce-savvy Singapore is not one to
miss the chance of cashing in on business on the Internet. With
the so-called "E-commerce" predicted to increase five-fold this
year and reach some 34 billion dollars, the island state is
busily trying to position itself as the Internet business hub of
Singaporeans themselves already are among the millions of
clients of the virtual shopping malls. But if the response to a
local play here is any indication, a considerable number of
Singaporeans are not about to ignore the downside of cyber
Indeed, as the play 'Mail Order Brides and Other Oriental
Takeaways' points out, "the Web" has not only made available
such merchandise as books, compact discs and assorted foodstuffs
there are brides for desperate grooms as well.
'Mail Order', written and directed by a cable TV newsreader Pek
Siok Lian, was supposed to have only a two-week season. But that
was extended by a week till Oct 29 due to popular demand. Now
there are plans to re-stage it for another week in early December.
During a special performance at the New York International Fringe
Festival in August, the play also received high praise from
critics. The 'New York Times' has since included 'Mail Order' in
its Fringe Selection list.
"The festival office told us that 'Mail Order Brides' was one of
the best-attended shows at the Festival. We had standing ovations
at the end of almost all performances," boasts producer and
artistic director Ekachai Uekrongtham.
'Mail Order' came out of Ekachai's and Pek's desire to write
something about "the seemingly impossible romance" between the
bargirls of Bangkok's Patpong red-light district and their
"We soon realised that the Patpong girl is not alone", recalls
Ekachai. "All over Asia, thousands of Asian women dream the same
dream of being taken away from poverty or tradition-bound
lifestyles by men from more developed countries."
As part of their research, they did a Web search, using the
phrase "mail order brides." The effort with one search engine
yielded nine entries with links to more than 100 sites and another
inundated them with more than 160,00 possible matches.
"What is noteworthy is the fact that these businesses hawking
human commodities are Western outfits catering to a western
clientele, and their goods are touted as exotics from the
developing world, especially mostly attractive yet submissive
young Asian women" says Pek, who is also the play's director.
She asks,"Is this yet another form of Western hegemony or is it
simply flesh trade?"
According to the play's programme, the number of "mail order
marriages" between Asian women and Western men in 1986 was
estimated to reach at least 2,000. By 1994, such marriages
involving women from the Philippines and Western men had reached
Interestingly enough, nearly all the hopeful brides-to-be making
their cyberspace postings from Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia
are Filipino women working as domestic helpers in these countries.
But there is also a growing trend of Singaporean men seeking
mail-order brides from China. While only eight mainland Chinese
women became the brides of Singaporean men in 1986, at least
1,000 such marriages took place last year.
A Chinese mail-order bride is among the play's four characters,
as are a Filipino domestic helper, a Thai sex worker and a
Singaporean "sarong party girl" - a woman who runs after
The sex worker, the maid and the Chinese bride 'wanna-bees' make
postings on a Website, hoping foreign men will rescue them from
their unsatisfying lives.
The sarong party girl comes upon the Website while surfing the
Net, is incensed, and gets sucked into the site's chat room. The
play's first half is a series of short monologues where each woman
tries to justify her actions.
By the second half, the maid, the Chinese bride and the sex
worker have all undergone terrible experiences, and are lamenting
their decision to go online.
The Filipino domestic helper who left her job in Singapore to
marry a U.S. soldier has been raped by his friend; the Chinese
mail-order bride is in jail for stabbing her Singaporean husband
who tried to rape her and the sex worker has contracted AIDS.
When 'Mail Order' was first staged last year, the 'Straits Times'
reviewer Clarissa Oon criticised it as an "unimaginative one-hour-
plus rehash of all the worst stereotypes of Asian women,
Singaporean men and their Caucasian counterparts".
The play has since been restructured, and it was this version
that was chosen as the first Asian entry to the New York festival.
But Oon remains critical of 'Mail Order' and says it still lacks a
real dialogue on what it means to be an Asian woman today.
Literature graduate Emma Yong, who plays the role of the Filipino
maid says though: "I am moved by my character's courage. She risks
everything by advertising herself to unknown strangers on the
Internet - in the slim hope that she will be rescued from a life
of poverty and servitude."
Lawyer Deborah Ng, who plays the Chinese bride, also says of her
character: "She's a China doll with a will of steel who embarks
on a journey to make a better future for herself by looking for a
Pek herself is unperturbed by remarks that the play presents
stereotypes, retorting, "We are seeing these things happening at
our own doorstep."
Dr Phyllis Chew, head of the Singaporean women's association
AWARE, is very supportive of the play. "It is a clear feminist
statement of the discrimination and exploitation faced by
millions of Asian women as they struggle to better their lot,"
she says. "Any play that highlights the plight of women, whether
they are underpaid, overworked, abused or raped should be
Pek in fact is excited about the idea of presenting 'Mail Order'
to wider audiences in the West because the men who fuel the
industry and the Internet companies that act as the brokers tend
to be from there. Her partner Ekachai adds that they are now
looking at the possibility of creating a new production of the
play in the United States.
"If all goes well, we hope to jointly produce it with an
established theatre company there and have it tour around America
in the near future" says Ekachai. They may also bring the play to
Britain and Canada next year.
As for Oon's reservations about 'Mail Order', the dilemma faced
by many Asian girls in search of Caucasian husbands seems to be
summed up neatly by Beatrice Chia, who plays the Singaporean party
Toward the end of the play, her character says: "Maybe I'm the
Occidental Oriental. No, the accidental Oriental. The original
banana. Yellow on the outside, white on the inside!"
[c] 1998, InterPress Third World News Agency (IPS)
All rights reserved
May not be reproduced, reprinted or posted to any system or
service outside of the APC networks, without specific
permission from IPS. This limitation includes distribution
via Usenet News, bulletin board systems, mailing lists,
print media and broadcast. For information about cross-
posting, send a message to <email@example.com>. For
information about print or broadcast reproduction please
contact the IPS coordinator at <firstname.lastname@example.org>.