The contemporary political history of the Kyrgyz Republic
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- US State Department Report
- 12 February 1995. In Qirghizstan there are significant
human rights abuses related to ethnicity. Then a detailed
report that suggests the reason for human rights abuses is
that ex-communist officials often remain in office [the
problem used to be the Soviet System, but is now those who
were shaped by it State Department standard of social
evaluation is US civil rights.
- Foreign Minister Mrs. Roza Otunbayeva press
- 14 February 1996. President Akayev's formation of
new government after the referendum; NATO expansion; on
Quirghiz autonomy; Great Turkestan; officials.
- The Referendum
- Kyrgyz Republic Embassy press release, 13–15
February 1996. The third referendum of February 10 1996
changes a workable constitution for the worse.
- Kyrgyz Republic Embassy press release
- 13 February 1996. A popular referendum in October 1994
favored two-chamber parliament, and this was synthesized
with the Soviet era constitution of May 1993. This resulted
in legislative gridlock, and so the referendum of 10
February 1996 overwhelmingly approved a new division of
- Kyrgyzstan's referendum
- By Kelly Mcmann, 14 February 1996. Questions arising from
the overwhelming popular support for constitutional
amendments that would strengthen the executive power of
President Askar Akayev to carry out reforms. Press release
of referendum outcome is appended.
- Kyrgyzstan promises to crush rebels
- By Louise Hildalgo, BBC, 27 August 1999. The Kyrgyz
Government has promised to crush the militants who seized
four villages and a number of hostages, including four
Japanese, in a remote region of the south.
- Japanese hostages released in
- BBC,Monday, 25 October 1999. Four Japanese geologists held
hostage in Kyrgyzstan for more than two months by Islamic
militants have been released. They were captured in the
mountains of southern Kyrgyzstan when hundreds of Muslim
fighters streamed across the border from Tajikistan to carry
holy war against neighboring Uzbekistan.
- BBC Country Profile, 3 May 2001. A brief compendium of
political facts with a simple map.