From firstname.lastname@example.org Tue May 15 14:06:30 2001
Date: Mon, 14 May 2001 19:17:19 -0500 (CDT)
From: AHRC UA <email@example.com>
Subject: JAPAN: Re-writing history books
Stop Japan's Ministry of Education Attempt to Re-write History (Pressure must be brought on the Japanese government to stop this kind of text from being an officially accepted junior high school history textbook.)
After his visit to the Japanese Diet [Parliament] along with four
other ROK Diet members, one of the Christian members of the Diet in
South Korea, Mr. Kim Young Jin, did a 6 day silent hunger strike in
front of the Diet building in April. He was protesting against the
approval of a Japanese history textbook . His fast was accompanied by
Relay Hunger Strikes of Christians who sat together with
Mr. Kim, and various Christian groups in Tokyo and other parts of
Japan. Women group in support of the forced comfort women during the
war also organized sit-in at the same place. Why?
We are deeply concerned with the official approval of new Japanese History textbooks which,by presenting Japan as a nation centered on the emperor, and using ancient myths and legends as real history, can plant jingoistic nationalism in the hearts of the young. It also emphasizes the importance of the nation over the individual and exalts Japan's invasion of Asia. Further, the Tsukuru Kai History Textbook is against democratic sovereignty, which is stipulated in our Constitution. It is also permeated with a similar ideology: the virtue of individuals sacrificing themselves for the nation and emperor, which clearly opposes the concepts of peace and human rights in the Constitution.
The Textbook Review Council gave correction orders to the editors
according to censorship rules. The Atarashii Rekishi Kyokasho wo
Tsukuru Kai (Japanese Society for History Textbook Reform) did accept,
as instructed by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports and
Technology,137 revisions in the history textbook they submitted. The
Tsukuru Kai History Textbook then gained approval. However, Mr. Kanji
Nishio, the chair of Tsukuru Kai, mentioned that
our basic thoughts
still remain in spite of the revisions. a question still remains;
how could the Review Council censor what is no longer there. A
glaring instance of this kind of missing piece of history is the
Comfort Women. No mention of them appears in the reformed textbook,
neither before nor after the so-called censorship. The purpose of the
Pacific war is portrayed as the Great East Asian Sphere of Peace, an
interpretation that Asian people who experienced Japan's
colonization, would reject. Some members of the Textbook Review
Council wanted to reject the entire textbook and it is a great loss to
historical truth that their advice was not taken.
Furthermore, to ensure students will be exposed to this view of history, the Ministry of Education has very cleverly changed who it is that select which text books to be used in the classrooms. Previously it was the teachers who made this choice, but politics has now transferred this selection to local education boards. We fear that ignoring what is happening now in Japan, will enable this very history to repeat itself. It is urgent that Asian nations and all peoples who have experienced the reality of Japan's subjugation, challenge this new textbook and the kind of thinking that lies concealed behind it. We ask all who during the Pacific war, shared the reality of this history, to help us to see to it, that its truth not be lost.
Local education boards will decide before summer which textbooks to use in their local schools. It is possible many school teachers will be forced to use the distorted textbook and teach children wrong history ...unless we challenge this attempt to re-write history...
Pressure must be brought on the Japanese government to stop this kind of text from being as an officially accepted junior high school history textbook. Particularly we appeal to our Asian co-workers and friends for your help NOW!
Also, please send a copy to:
NCCJ (National Christian Council in Japan)
2-3-18-24 Nishi-Waseda, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan, 169-0051
12 of the 17 bishops of Japan have sent the following appeal about the Historical Textbook to Ms. Atsuko Toyama, Minister of Education, Science, Sports and Culture:
Ms.Atsuko Toyama, Minister of Education, Science, Sports and Culture
Statement of Concern about Japanese History Textbook
On 3rd of April the junior high school history textbook edited by the Japanese Society for History Textbook Reform (Chairman: Mr.Kanji Nishio) was approved by the Education Ministry screening panel.
This book has a number of references which condone Japan's history of invasion and colonial rule, and glorify the rule of the Emperor. The approval of such a textbook will certainly lead to the concealment, distortion and glorification of the history of invasions and atrocities committed by the Japanese Imperial Military. We are deeply worried such a situation might happen in the future.
We sincerely hope that Japan will start this new century filled with new hope by constructing strong solidarity with all the peoples of Asia, regardless of nationality or race. For this, it is incumbent upon we Japanese to strive in all humility for honesty in historical interpretation in words and deeds, and thus win the trust of our fellow Asians. Based on this attitude, Japan has to review its past, reflect on it, determine not to repeat the same faults, and cooperate with other Asian countries. We will never attain all these unless we make serious efforts to make our own the viewpoint of the Asian countries which were victimized by the Japanese Military in the past.
The historical viewpoint of the above-mentioned Japanese Society for History Textbook Reform creates a big obstacle to the achievement of the Asian peoples' deep aspirations for justice, peace, and respect for human rights. Therefore we wish to express our deepest concerns about the approval of their history textbook distorted by their wrong tenets.
7th May, 2001