The working-class history of Europe as a whole
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- German metal workers win shorter
workweek—Victory has wide-ranging implications
- By Jim Genova, People's Weekly World, 8
April 1995. One of the most significant labor victories thus
far in 1995 is that of IG Metall, the German engineering and
metal workers union, which beat off an attempt by the
employers' association, Gesamtmetall, to delay implementation
of a 35-hour workweek with no reduction in pay.
- Angered by PM's remark, French unions
- By Madelaine Drohan, Paris, The Globe and Mail,
22 May 1996. Labour answered Juppe's pledge to cut
‘fat’ from civil service work force by
threatening to follow Germans and stage series of
walkouts. The labour unrest in France echoes what is
happening in Germany. The German government's attempt
to rein in spending has met with widespread resistance in
the labour movement.
- European workers defend the welfare
- By William Pomeroy, People's Weekly
World, 26 October 1996. Trade unions across Europe
have pledged a
hot autumn of strikes and
demonstrations for governments out to slash welfare state
spending and for employers taking advantage of such
policies to drive down workers' wages and
- Lessons from across the Sea
- Editorial, Workers World, 19 December
1996. Strike wave in Europe in late 1996 shows that
organized labor can halt the capitalist offensive against
- British and German Unions Link
- By Jon Hibbs, The Daily Telegraph, 4 March
1997. The GMB general union and IG Chemie.
- European works councils: a progress
- By Jacky DeLorme, ICFTU OnLine..., 8
September 1998. European works councils are there to
counterbalance the ruthless might of the
multinationals. But now that the euphoria of the first
voluntary agreements has died down, the European trade
unions are trying to catch their second wind.
- European Union: Labour left
- International Viewpoint, 6 October
1998. European trade unionists convinced of the urgent
need for another, social Europe, have come together to
initiate a movement of reflection and initiative.