The working-class history of Europe as a whole

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German metal workers win shorter workweek—Victory has wide-ranging implications
By Jim Genova, People's Weekly World, 8 April 1995. One of the most significant labor victories thus far in 1995 is that of IG Metall, the German engineering and metal workers union, which beat off an attempt by the employers' association, Gesamtmetall, to delay implementation of a 35-hour workweek with no reduction in pay.
Angered by PM's remark, French unions talk strikes
By Madelaine Drohan, Paris, The Globe and Mail, 22 May 1996. Labour answered Juppe's pledge to cut ‘fat’ from civil service work force by threatening to follow Germans and stage series of walkouts. The labour unrest in France echoes what is happening in Germany. The German government's attempt to rein in spending has met with widespread resistance in the labour movement.
European workers defend the welfare state
By William Pomeroy, People's Weekly World, 26 October 1996. Trade unions across Europe have pledged a hot autumn of strikes and demonstrations for governments out to slash welfare state spending and for employers taking advantage of such policies to drive down workers' wages and benefits.
Lessons from across the Sea
Editorial, Workers World, 19 December 1996. Strike wave in Europe in late 1996 shows that organized labor can halt the capitalist offensive against workers.
British and German Unions Link
By Jon Hibbs, The Daily Telegraph, 4 March 1997. The GMB general union and IG Chemie.
European works councils: a progress report
By Jacky DeLorme, ICFTU OnLine..., 8 September 1998. European works councils are there to counterbalance the ruthless might of the multinationals. But now that the euphoria of the first voluntary agreements has died down, the European trade unions are trying to catch their second wind.
European Union: Labour left co-ordination
International Viewpoint, 6 October 1998. European trade unionists convinced of the urgent need for another, social Europe, have come together to initiate a movement of reflection and initiative.