The contemporary political history of Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya (Somalia)

Hartford Web Publishing is not the author of the documents in World History Archives and does not presume to validate their accuracy or authenticity nor to release their copyright.

Declaration by Somali Political Movements and Traditional Community Leaders
A statement issued in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on 4 December 1992. A conference scheduled for January will bring governmental organizations and traditional leaders to work toward a solution to their country’s disorder. During the December session, the Somali representatives endorsed the dispatch of American troops, who were then en route to Somalia.
The World Bank/IMF Structural Adjustment Programs and the Somali Crisis
By Julius O. Ihonvbere. A paper presented on 19 November 1994.
Death of Saidi Barre
By Emmanuel K. Twesigye, 2 January 1995. Barre seems to have been the only person who could ever unify and hold his feuding cow boys together! Somalia was better off under his dictatorship than the political anarchy, bloodshed and starvation following his overthrow.
United Nations World Food Programme; Somalia Backgrounder
21 February 1995. WFP has had some success since famine of 1991/92.
President Aidid’s Somalia
By Harold G. Marcus, Michigan State University, 20 September 1995. Reports on a meeting with General Aidid shortly after his raid on Baidoa. Offers a positive picture of the political and economic situation. In addendae, Tom Pawlick and Walter Clarke differ with Marcus’ assessment.
Pres. Aideed’s Somalia
By Walter Clarke, US Foreign Service, ret., 7 December 1995. According to the most recent Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) report on Somalia (29 November), there are more than one million Somalis who remain dependent on emergency food aid. Disagrees with recent articles by Harold Marcus and Frank Crigler. It was unfortunate that the failure of the Somali state brought foreign intervention. The only people who can legitimately save Somalia are the Somali people.
Ali Mahadi accuses Sudan of interference into Somali internal affairs
Sudan News, June 1997. Ali Mahadi, former president of Somalia and who is now chairman of the Somali Salvation Conference accused Sudan of continuous interference in Somali internal affairs by supporting Hussain Aideed. The Sudanese influence on Aideed is making him take hard lines and hence hampering reconciliation efforts, he said.
Somali Quest for Peace: A Shaky Accord at Best; Bitter Rivalries Threaten Hard-Fought Deal
By Douglas Jehl, New York Times Service, [24 December 1997]. The leaders of rival Somali factions will try to restore national government for the first time since civil war six years ago, but tensions among the clans make it all but certain that fresh differences will emerge. The accord aims to end the conflict and anarchy that have prevailed in Somalia since the toppling of the dictator, Mohammed Siad Barre, in 1991.
Somalia revisited
IRIN special report on Mogadishu, April 27 1999. Four years after the departure of the large-scale international military and humanitarian intervention in Somalia, UNOSOM, Mogadishu remains tense and sometimes dangerous. There is little real prospect for an established central government or reliable and authoritative leadership, yet there have been changes.
Shut down the so-called Djibouti Peace Initiative for Somalia and put in place a neutrally assisted, committed reconciliation
Minority Somali Communities in Kenya press release, 2 April 2000. The so-called Djibouti Peace Initiative for Somalia is a disguise to perpetuate the crisis in our country. A misguided proxy-peace initiative by the UN and other outside forces. The Somali crisis has its roots in the decades of enslavement of the Somali and non-Somali minority communities by the larger Somali clans.
Double take: Somalia
Dialog from the nuafrica list, August 1996. Comments on: Aideed, the pariah who singlehandedly derailed UNOSOM operation, passed away, and his son, Corporal in the US Marines, took over.
Interview With Newly Elected President Hassan
UN Integrated Regional Information Network, interview, 29 August 2000. Elected on 25 August—Somalia’s first head of state in 10 years—Hassan said he would appoint a prime minister and begin to put together a government of national unity.
Aideed prêt à nouer le dialogue avec le nouveau pouvoir
Panafrican News Agency, 8 October 2000. Hussein Mohammed Aideed, un des leaders de factions qui avait précédemment exprimé son opposition au gouvernement provisoire somalien nouvellement installé, s’est déclaré prêt à nouer le dialogue avec les nouvelles autorités.