History of the Mungiki movement in Kenya

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Mau Mau returns to Kenya
By Paul Harris, Sydney Morning Herald, Monday 17 January 2000. Thousands of young Kenyans, inspired by the bloody Mau Mau rebellion that fought British colonial rule, are flocking to an aggressive religious cult that rejects the trappings of Western culture. Followers of the so-called Mungiki youth sect, whose 300,000 members see themselves as the true sons of the Mau Mau, decry what they regard as the more degenerate aspects of Western culture, including cinemas, alcohol, tobacco and miniskirts.
Kenyan Churches Alarmed By Spread of ‘Mungiki’ Sect
Panafrican News Agency, 3 September 2000. The rapid spread of an unregistered Mungiki religious sect, which is advocating female circumcision, has alarmed mainstream churches in central Kenya. The sect has been involved in daily confrontations with officials. The government views the sect, founded early this year, as an upshot of a revolutionary society.
Mungiki Leaders Convert to Islam
The Nation (Nairobi), 3 September 2000. Those converted from the Mugiki sect to Islam included its national co-ordinator, Ibrahim Ndura Waruinge, and founder-member Mohammed Njenga. The Mungiki leaders expressed thanks and appealed for support to spread the religion and create a nation guided by the Sharia.
What Makes Mungiki Tick?
By Muthui Mwai, The Nation (Nairobi) 23 October 2000. The Mungiki sect is purportedly a revolutionary group which will realise its goal of converting most of Kenya in two years. The aim is to spearhead African socialism, to mobilise and bring economical, political and social changes in society so that the masses can control their destiny. Relation to the Mau Mau. Pluralism and tribalism.
Fury At Attacks Against Women
The Nation (Nairobi), 24 October 2000. Various institutions and individuals condemn attacks and harassment meted out on women by members of the Mungiki sect in Nairobi. The sect members turned rowdy after police barred them from holding prayers on the Kayole Estate, and they vented their anger on women passersby dressed in trousers.
The Mungiki Mystique Just Shattered to Pieces
By Kwamchetsi Makokha, The Nation (Nairobi), 27 October 2000. The intemperance of the Mungiki sect spilled over the brim last weekend and its stripping, whipping and humiliation of women in Nairobi marked the end of movement's carefully cultivated mystique. The Mungiki came to be regarded as serious since they began taking over bus stages in Nairobi's Kasarani area in 1996.
Why Won't the State Clip Them Dreadlocks?
By John Githongo, The East African (Nairobi), 15 November 2000. Some people argue that the name of the Mungiki sect, whose members are mostly from the Gikuyu community, is derived from the words muingi ki—we are the public, or, not to put too fine a point on it, it is us. following the Mau Mau precedent. Social stress and social revivalism. The sect's political usefulness.
Mungiki Sect Members Torch Slum Village
By Tervil Okoko, Panafrican News Agency, 9 December 2000. Angry members of Kenya's controversial Mungiki sect raided Kiang'ombe slums in Thika town, about 25 miles north of Nairobi, and burnt 11 houses to avenge the recent killing of their two colleagues. Last week, the two Mungiki adherents were lynched by a mob for allegedly raping two women in Kiang'ombe village.
Mungiki Members Censured
The Nation (Nairobi), 21 December 2000. Muslim leaders accuse the Mungiki sect of having a hidden agenda and practising double standards. Muslim Scholar sheikh Mohamed Sheikh warned that Muslims will not allow a few people to play around with Islam pretending they were converts.
Sect Leader Scoffs At Expulsion Threat
By Tervil Okoko, Panafrican News Agency, 30 December 2000. The leadership of a Kenyan renegade Islamic Mungiki group has dismissed threats by Muslim clerics to expel the group from the faith because Islam is a religion and not a political party where one is asked to quit. No one can send a person packing in a religion of God.