The social policies of the People's Republic of China

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Beijing shuts down 1,000,000 nightspots
The Straits Times, 30 January 2001. Chinese police closed nearly a million pubs, discos and karaoke centres during a three-month nationwide crackdown on vice, after admitting that vice activities out of control in some public areas. 947,000 entertainment centres closed to curb drug use, prostitution and gambling.
China Vows To Crackdown on Crime
By Elaine Kurtenbach, AP, 10 March 2001. The country's top law enforcers pledged Saturday to do more to wipe out organized crime, corruption and other threats to stability as China moves forward with market-opening reforms. The National People's Congress is quite candid on problems, but short on significant proposals for legal reforms needed for WTO entry.
China Sets Targets for Urbanization
Xinhua, 8 August 2001. A plan to boost urbanization in the next five years. By 2005, some 92 percent of urban families will use natural gas as fuel, 35 percent of urban areas will be covered with green vegetation, 45 percent of urban sewage will be processed and 70 big and medium-sized cities will meet the intermediate level environmental standard of Europe at present.
China's Efforts Against Crime Ineffective
By Laurel Mittenthal, China News Digest, 28 December 2001. Some argue that China's recurring Strike Hard campaigns do not have a lasting impact on crime, underscoring the limits of a policing strategy based on the use of forced confessions and the threat of execution. Months of frenzied police activity intended to frighten criminals into submission and demonstrate to the general population that the government still has crime under control.
China's Pension Funds to Enter Stock Market
Xinhua, 17 January 2002. China's social security funds are ready to become subject to the capitalist stock market. The newly founded National Executive Council of Social Security Funds, legal keeper of the country's welfare and pension funds, has published application requirements for investment institutions bidding to run the funds. Only 40 percent of the funds can be used to buy shares in the secondary market.
Local Fine on One-Child Policy Violations Banned
CND, 22 January 2002. China's central government has told local officials that they are no longer allowed to slap fines on violators of the nation's One-Child policy. China's population control policy limits one child for each couple in the cities and two for those who live in rural areas and whose first child is a girl. Families of ethnic minorities are allowed to have two or three children. Success is claimed in limiting demographic expansion.