The history of women and gender in Europe

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When unemployment is rife: Hard times for working women
By Margaret Maruani, Le Monde diplomatique, September 1997. A recent European Commission report confirms that, despite efforts to promote sexual equality and all the talk of choice and incentives to stay at home and care for the family, more and more women are coming on to the labour market, most of them taking poorly paid jobs.
European job ruling favours women
By Charles Bremner, London Times, 12 November 1997. On 11 November, the European Court of Justice found in favor of affirmative action.
European court gives priority to women
UPI, 12 November 1997. The high court of the European Union has upheld affirmative action—the practice of allowing hiring and promotional preference for women as a way of making amends for previous discrimination.
Forced Sterilization Exposed in Sweden, Belgium
By Robert Wielaard, AP, 27 August 1997. Women who were deemed physically or mentally inferior and were sterilized are...speaking out, after revelations in Sweden drew attention to government programs that were common in many parts of Europe.
EU Vows to Crack Down on Modern Day ‘Slave Trade’
By Brian Kenety, IPS, 9 February 2001. Speaking at the close of an informal two-day meeting of European Union (EU) justice and home affairs ministers, Thomas Bodstrom, said that trafficking in human beings, in particular of women and girls for sexual and economic exploitation, amounted to a modern-day slave trade.
Thousands debate how women can win their liberation
By Helen Shooter, Socialist Worker, [21 November 2003]. The debates at the Women's Assembly were not separate from the general concerns of the anti-capitalist movement. The assembly ended with a determination to carry on building the movement and to campaign to raise the profile of women within it.