The retrospective history of the Kingdom of Spain
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- The Lessons of Spain: the Last Warning
- By Leon Trotsky, 17 December 1937, reprinted in The
Militant as “How Popular Front made fascist
victory possible in Spain”. The extract and
introduction illustrate the troubled relation of Trotsky and
the working-class movement.
- “La Pasionaria”—Dolores
- By Francesca Patai, People's Weekly
World, 15 March 1997. Dolores Ibarurri's long
life—as revolutionary political theorist, champion for
the emancipation of women, organizer of the disenfranchised,
Spanish Communist Party leader, world-renowned embodiment of
resistance to tyranny—is central to the history of
Spain and to anti-fascist fights internationally.
- Confronting Spain's Fascist Past
- Reuters, Navhind Times, (Goa, India), 10
August 2005. Spain's graves hold secrets of Gen
Franco's atrocities. Archaeologists dig for human
remains, uncovering long-hidden evidence of the killing that
followed Spain's Civil War.
- Many Spaniards Indifferent to Franco
- By Ciran Giles, Associated Press, Sunday 19 November
2000. Twenty-five years after Gen. Francisco Franco's
death, the small size of the gatherings at memorial
ceremonies in and around Madrid this weekend was further
testimony that the vast majority of Spaniards have no desire
to cherish his memory.
- Atocha massacre, 20 years later
- By Antonio Canto Alvarez, 25 January 1997. Twenty years
ago, at about 10:30 PM on 1977, January 24th, a
ultra-right-wing terrorist command self-named “Comando
Roberto Hugo Sosa”, related with the Anti-communist
Apostolic Alliance, entered the labour lawyers office sited
at 55 Atocha Street, Madrid, Spain and assassinated those