The retrospective history of the Kingdom of Spain

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The Lessons of Spain: the Last Warning (excerpts)
By Leon Trotsky, 17 December 1937, reprinted in The Militant as “How Popular Front made fascist victory possible in Spain”. The extract and introduction illustrate the troubled relation of Trotsky and the working-class movement.
“La Pasionaria”—Dolores Ibarurri (1895–1989)
By Francesca Patai, People's Weekly World, 15 March 1997. Dolores Ibarurri's long life—as revolutionary political theorist, champion for the emancipation of women, organizer of the disenfranchised, Spanish Communist Party leader, world-renowned embodiment of resistance to tyranny—is central to the history of Spain and to anti-fascist fights internationally.
Confronting Spain's Fascist Past
Reuters, Navhind Times, (Goa, India), 10 August 2005. Spain's graves hold secrets of Gen Franco's atrocities. Archaeologists dig for human remains, uncovering long-hidden evidence of the killing that followed Spain's Civil War.
Many Spaniards Indifferent to Franco
By Ciran Giles, Associated Press, Sunday 19 November 2000. Twenty-five years after Gen. Francisco Franco's death, the small size of the gatherings at memorial ceremonies in and around Madrid this weekend was further testimony that the vast majority of Spaniards have no desire to cherish his memory.
Atocha massacre, 20 years later
By Antonio Canto Alvarez, 25 January 1997. Twenty years ago, at about 10:30 PM on 1977, January 24th, a ultra-right-wing terrorist command self-named “Comando Roberto Hugo Sosa”, related with the Anti-communist Apostolic Alliance, entered the labour lawyers office sited at 55 Atocha Street, Madrid, Spain and assassinated those present.