The contemporary political history of
The Republic of the Sudan

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Two Events of Lasting Significance: The Arrival of Sadig Almahdi and Military Confrontation
By Alkhatim Adlan, in Sudan News & Views, March 1997. During the last three months, The arrival of Sadig Almahdi in Asmara, Eritrea in December 96. The escalation of military confrontation between the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) and government forces along the eastern borders with Eritrea and Ethiopia in January.
The Memorandum Issued by the Sudanese [Nat]ional Women’s Alliance
Sudanese Women’s Association, 30 Novemer 1997. The inhumane practices of the National Islamic Front (NIF) regime, especially with regard to women, are numerous, but the concern here is a disregard for international conventions of human for the respect and protection of freedoms of the young and youth.
Women fined and whipped for demonstration in Sudan
AFP, Wednesday 3 Decemer 1997. A Khartoum court has fined 37 Sudanese women for staging an illegal protest over compulsory military service for students, as well as fining their lawyer. A demonstration in which over 70 women, according to witnesses, marched towards the UN Khartoum offices to lodge their protest against the sending last September of a number of high school-leavers to the war front against rebels in south Sudan.
Ummah party, communists accused of Khartoum blasts, 7 July 1998. The Sudanese National Conference, the only political organization declared in Sudan, has accused the Ummah party and the communist party of being behind blasts that took place in Khartoum last week. The blasts targeted in particular electricity grid networks. From his exile, al-Mahdi denied any involvement by the Ummah party.
Sudan opposition confident of victory
BBC News, Saturday 15 August 1998. Leaders of the Sudanese opposition grouping, the National Democratic Alliance, have said they are close to overthrowing the Islamic-led government in Khartoum and restoring multiparty democracy. The NDA leaders made the statement as they continued to meet in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, to discuss their next move in a long-running civil war.
Sudan seeks opposition talks
BBC News, Friday 16 October 1998. The Sudanese government says it is preparing to invite prominent opposition figures abroad to return to debate a bill allowing the re-establishment of political organisations. They would include the leader of the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Army, John Garang, and the former prime minister, Sadiq al-Mahdi.
Communist official arrested in Sudan, 7 January 1999. Sudanese security arrested an official in the Sudanese Communist Party, Muhammad Mahjoub Muhammad. Where is is held is unknown and he may have been tortured. Concern expressed by the National Alliance to Restore Democracy.
Sudan: seven parties licensed for the first time since 1989
ArabicNews, 8 January 1999. Registering political parties started on Wednesday, recalling the political life Sudan witnessed for the last time during the third democratic phase in 1986–1989. Registered: The Democratic Federation Party (a wing of al-Sharif Zein al-Abidin al-Hindi), the National Congress, the Central Sudanese Movement, the Muslim Brotherhood, the Socialist Masses Party, the Islamic Correction Movement and the Sudanese National Party.
Official in Sudanese National Conference confirms existence of extremists in the party, 3 September 1999. An official in ruling Sudan’s National Conference Party said there are extremists in the party against national reconciliation, but everybody will be committed to the opinion of the majority. Division in the leadership of the ruling party between Sudanese President Omar El-Bashir and his secretary-general, Hassan Turabi.